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CHARITIES AND 



PHILflNTHROPIES 



WOMAN'S W0RK IN aTAR. 



WORLD'S FAIR EDITION. 



"IN FAITH AND HOPE THE WORLD MAT DISAGREE, 
BtlT ALL MANKIND'S CONCERN IS CHARITT." 

Po]>e. 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, 

GEORGE Q. CANNON 4 SONS CO., PRINTERS 

1893. 



Historian's Office Library 


The Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints 


361 
m 





Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Corporation of the Presiding Bishop, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 



http://www.archive.org/details/charitiesphilantOOwell 



CHARITIES 



.A.ND 



PHILANTHROPIES. 



WOMAN'S V^^ORK: in UTAH 



EDITED BY 



EMMELINE B. WELLS, 

FOR THE 

WORLD'S FAIR, 



" Charit)/ never faileth." 



ZiNA D. H. Young, 
Chaii'via)! Committee. Utah Territorv. 



SALT LAKE COUNTY COM.Mn'TEK. 

Mary Lsahella Horne, Emma J. McVickor, 

CJiairniaii. Vice- Chairman. 

Ann M. Cannon, 

Secretary. 



SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH : 

GEORGE Q. CANNON & SONS CO., PRINTERS. 

1803. 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 

The call made by the Board of Lady Managers of the 
Columbian Exposition, for all charitable and philanthroic 
societies and institutions of women to report their work 
either on charts, or in some other definite way so that it might 
be known, has brought out valuable inforiliation concerning 
charities, etc., from all parts of the civilized world; and in 
this little book the women of Utah Territory respectfully 
submit such items of their experience in this direction, and 
statistics, as could be obtained from those actively engaged 
in the several organizations represented. 

That the book ma}' reach many who know little of this 
comparatively new country, and enlighten them in regard 
to woman's organized work for the needy and unfortunate 
of all classes, and in all conditions, the writer ardently hopes 
and desires; that much good will result from comparing plans 
and methods, when a complete work shall be compiled, for 
the betterment of those needing aid and assistance, there can 
be little doubt. 

The Societies and Institutions of which sketches are given 
here, are all of a truly charitable and philanthropic character, 
and those who have written them have done so at the 
urgent solicitation of committees, who were collecting such 
material and information, and not with any desire of their 
own to publish their benevolent work. The articles signed 
are by presidents and officers of the respective organizations, 
but all other matter 'the editor is ans\\erable for, having been 
under the necessity of doing it herself, and an apology must 
be made for separating the sketches of the National Woman's 
Relief Society. While absent at the World's Fair, the printers 
paged the manuscript already in hand, thinking it finished, and 
struck off the quota of copies ordered, consequent!}' the division 
was unavoidable. 



CONTENTS. 



Natk^nal Woman's Relief Sociejv. - - 9 

Salt Lake County - - - - 11 

Utah Stake - - - - - 15 

Juab " - - . - - l<i 

Sevier " - - - - - 17 

Sanpete " - - - - 18 

Davis " - - - - - 19 

Weber " - - - - 21 

Box Elder Stake - - - - 22 

Morgan " - - - - 24 

Summit " - - - - - 25 

Deseret Hospital _ _ - - 26 

Catholic Charities of Utah - - - 30 

HuMK AND Foreign Missionary Socieiv - 36 

Baptist Church - - - - 39 

Orphans' Home, and Day Nursery Association - 41 

Young Ladies' Aid Society - - - 47 

Phillips Benevolent Society - - 49 

Methodist Episcopal - - - - 50 

Hebrew Benevolent Society - - 52 

Burlington Benevolent Society - - 53 

Ladies' Aid Socieiy - - - 54 

Ladies' Auxiliary - - - - 55 

Spiritualists - - - - 57 
Needle Work Guild of America Salt Lake City Branch 59 

Ogden Charitable Association - - - 61 
National Woman's Relief Society [coniinued] 

Cache Stake . . - - 64 

Rich County - - - - - 65 

Tooele Stake . . - . 05 

Wasatch ■• - - - - - 66 

Emery " - - - - 68 

Millard " - - - - - 69 



VllI rONTENTS. 

Parowan " - - - - 70 

Beaver " - - - - - 71 

St. George " - - - 72^ 

pAN(;uircH " - - - - 73 

• Wayne " - . - - - 74 

Kanab " - - - - - 74 

San Juan " - - - - 75 

Uintah " - - - - - 76 

REiMARKS ----- 77 

Finale' - - - - 79 

Young Ladies' Mutual Lmprovement Association 80 

Primary Associations oe Salt Lake County - 82 

Women Physicians ok Utah - - - 85 

Romania B. Pratt - - - - 86 

Ellis R. Shipp - - - - 86 

Margaret Curtis Shipi' - - - 87 

Ellen B. Ferc;uson - - - 87 

Elvira Sievens Barney - - - 88 

Belle Gemmell ticc Anderson - - 88 

jus UNA McIn TYRE //i'^' Anderson - - - 88 

Emma B. Atkins - - - - 88 

Mary Emma Vanschoonhoven 7icc Green - - 89 

Hannah C. Norton - - - 89 

EiT.EN CuR'iis Gage - - - - 89 

MAR^ Green ucc Minor - - - 90 

Martha Hue; ties Cannon - - - 90 



CHARITIES f>^" PHILANTHROPIES 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 



/ivHE organization of women known as the Relief Society is 
^f both national and international in scope and character, 
having branches in all parts of the world where there are a 
sufficient number of the people of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints. The society is, though purely charitable 
and philanthropic, also educational in the best and highest 
sense of the word, dealing with the subjects that tend to the 
elevation and advancement of women in all the lines of 
thought and action that benefit humanity. But it is the 
society in its charitable work that is to be presented in these 
pages, its history and condition, past and present, in the 
Territory of Utah. 

The first Relief Society was organized in Nauvoo, 
Illinois, on the 17th day of March, 1842, with Mrs. Epima 
Smith President, Mrs. Sarah M. Cleveland and Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Ann Whitney Counselors, Eliza R. Snow Secretary, 
Phoebe M. Wheeler Assistant-Secretary, and Elvina A. Coules 
Treasurer. There were nineteen members, but the increase in 
membership was so great that during the first two years 1275 
names were enrolled, and the recorded receipts were $415.24 

When the Latter-day Saints were obliged to leave the 
city of Nauvoo and journey westward to an unknown land, 
the society could not operate as an organized body, and the 
meetings were necessarily discontinued, though the women 
continued their benevolent work wherever and whenever an 
opportunity presented itself, and many were in need of kindly 
acts and works of charity and sympathy, for those were the 
days of toil and suffering, of scarcity and hardships. 

There were few gifts ■ to bestow, but many lessons of 



10 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

patience and resignation to be learned in the school of 
experience. 

Early in the settlement of these valleys in the Rocky 
Mountain region, organizations of the Relief Society were 
formed almost, it might be said, as a natural outgrowth of the 
parent society in Nauvoo; for the same spirit and sentiment 
still existed and was soon brought into active exercise. 

As in this sketch we shall give the organization as a whole 
under the sub-headings of the several counties and wards, we 
need only speak of its general organization as a whole, with 
the names of the officers of the central board. 

The first general presiding officers over the society were 
Eliza R. Snow, President, Zina D. H. Young and Elizabeth 
Ann Whitney, Counselors, Sarah M. Kimball, Secretary, Mary 
Isabella Home, Treasurer. Subsequently Romania B. Pratt 
was elected Assistant-Secretary. 

After the demise of the President, Eliza R. Snow, which 
occurred December 5, 1887, and her Counselor, Elizabeth 
Ann Whitney, having died February, 1882, the society 
was re-organized with Zina D. H. Young, President, Jane S. 
Richards and Bathsheba W. vSmith Counselors, Sarah M. 
Kimball, Secretary, Romania B. Pratt, Assistant-Secretary, 
Emmeline B. Wells, Corresponding Secretary, Mary Isabella 
Home, Treasurer. 

October 10th, 1892, the Relief Society was incorporated 
under the laws of the Territory of Utah, with a constitution 
and by-laws carefully prepared. It is now designated 

THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 

OFFICERS: 

ZiNA D. H. Young, President. 
Jane S. Richards, First Vice-President. 
Bathsheba W. Smith, Second Vice-President. 
Sarah M. Kimball, Third Vice-President. 
Emmeline B. Wells, Secretary. 
Mary Isabella Horne, Treasurer. 
The society holds annual and semi-annual conferences in 
Salt Lake City in the months of April and October. At these 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 11 

meetings special instruction is given peculiar to the work of 
this large and influential body of women. Representatives 
from each stake are expected to report the work accomplished 
during the six months, and regular written reports are 
received and compiled, so that the Central Board are aware 
of the condition of the several stakes and branches connected 
therewith within the boundaries of the United States or in 
foreign lands. 

The Corresponding Secretary is in communication with 
all these branches from time to time as circumstances may 
require, and the whole organization is so complete and perfect 
that it is comparatively easy to make reports at any given time. 

The society at large numbers over four hundred branches 
with a membership of over 26,700: in the Territory of Utah 
there are twenty-three stakes and over three hundred branches. 
The property which has been accumulated by the women 
through donations, labor and increase of means is something 
almost marvelous. To be sure much of it has been expended, 
but the society owns real estate, buildings, granaries and 
grain, stock and dividends in various business enterprises, 
and the prosperity that has attended their efforts, commencing 
without capital in the days of adversity, and the struggles of 
pioneer life, is to them proof positive of the blessing of God 
upon their labors. 

From the first inception of the Relief Society in this 
Territory to the year of the centennial celebration in Phila- 
delphia, 1876, the society had accumulated and disbursed to 
those in need means in cash and property of various kinds 
nearly one hundred thousand dollars. 

"And its purpose indeed is to comfort and feed. 
The honest and poor in distress and in need." 



REPORT OF SALT LAKE COUNTY. 

Arriving in Salt Lake Valley July 24, 1847, the voice of 
inspiration bade the Latter-day Saints tarry here and once 
more build homes, cities, towns and villages, though far from 



12 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

civilization. Meetings were necessarily discontinued during 
this eventful time, as has been previously stated, but many 
noble works of love and charity were performed. Of this 
there was much need, for the privations and difficulties were 
something terrible to contemplate. Only faith in the Lord 
could have sustained this people in those days of trial and 
extreme poverty. 

In 1851 and 1852 temporary societies were formed in 
several wards, and thus though all were poor, none were 
allowed to suffer. Many have been known to give their last 
measure of meal to a neighbor and leave the issue with God. 

They fed and clothed the wandering Indians, thus dis- 
arming them of their hostility and ensuring peace, realizing 
that "it was better to clothe and feed the Indians than to 
fight them. " 

In 1855, when the people were in a more settled condi- 
tion, an effort was made to organize a Relief Society in each 
ward, but the regularity of the work was interrupted in 1858 
by the entire people moving south, in consequence of the 
arrival of Johnston's army to put down an alleged insurrection. 
All the money then on hand was expended for food and cloth, 
ing for the poor. 

It was not until the Saints had returned again to their 
homes that a perfect organization was effected. To accom- 
plish this object Eliza R. Snow, Zina D. H. Young, with 
others of Zion's noble women, traveled and labored unceas- 
ingly, encountering all sorts of difficulties and counting no 
sacrifice too great to alleviate the sufferings of the people and 
elevate the women of Zion. In these early days times were 
very hard; sewing cotton was selling at 15 cts. per spool, 
factory and calico 25cts. per yard, yarn $1.50 per lb., and 
other things in proportion. The women carded and spun 
wool and cattle's hair together for hosiery, made clothes, 
quilts, etc., for the poor. 

In 1877 the branches of the Relief Society of the several 
wards of Salt Lake County were organized into a stake or 
county capacity, and M. Isabella Home was chosen as 
president. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 13 

THE PRESENT OFFICERS ARE: 

M. Isabella Horne, President. 

Elmina S. Taylor, First Vice-President. 

Helen Mar Whitney, Second Vice-President. 

Elizabeth Howard, Secretary. 

Bathsheba W. Smith, Treasurer. 

Maria W, Wilcox, Corresponding Secretary. 
(Since this report was prepared Elizabeth Howard has 
died, and Margaret A. Caine has been elected to fill the 
vacancy.) 

There are forty-six branches in Salt Lake County, with a 
membership of 3010. 

It is the purpose of this society to assist persons who 
need aid of any kind. Much money, food and clothing has 
been distributed; but this is not the greater part of the work 
of the associations. 

"Oh, woman, God gave thee the longing to bless; 
Thy touch, like compassion's, is warm and caressing 
And there's power in thy weakness to soften distress, 
To brighten the gloom and the darkness depressing. 
And not in the rear hence need woman appear 
Her star is ascending her zenith is near; 
Like an angel of mercy she'll stand in the van 
The joy of the world, and the glory of man. " 

Meetings are held serai-monthly in which all have the 
privilege of speaking; expressing their feelings or making sug- 
gestions for the furtherance of the work of the society. 

Sewing meetings are held where clothes, quilts, and many 
other articles are made and distributed among the needy. 

It would be impossible to give the number of persons 
assisted even during a single year. Some money has been 
expended in helping the poor to emigrate; but more aid has 
been given the emigrants by helping them to find work whereby 
they can support themselves, or in cases of sickness or misfor-- 
tune, in supplying them with food, fuel and clothing. Thous- 
ands of these emigrants own houses and lands among the Saints 
today, who, had they remained in their native lands and labored 
during their entire lives, would not enjoy this blessing. 



14 CHARIIIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

Our people being a community of temple builders, the 
Relief Society has contributed largely both in money and 
needlework, and in various ways to this work. The Deseret 
Hospital, and Woman's Co-operative Mercantile and Manufac- 
turing Institution were instituted by the Relief Society. Con- 
siderable means has been spent in encouraging silk raising 
and other home industries. The money used by this vast 
organization is mostly donations or free-will offerings, each 
member giving what she wishes to the visiting teachers. 
Food and clothing are gathered in the same manner. 

Among the sisters the sick are nursed, the dead clothed 
iand prepared for burial, etc. Although most of the charitable 
work is done among our own people, all persons, irrespective 
of sex or creed, are assisted whenever their cases come under 
our observation. 

In 1848 there came upon the people a visitation as terri- 
ble as it was unexpected. It was the cricket plague. 

In May and June of that year myriads of these destructive 
pests, an army of famine and despair, rolled in black legions 
down the mountain sides, and attacked the fields of growing 
grain. They literally swept everything before them, and 
starvation with all its terrors seemed staring the poor settlers 
in the face. Men, women and children marshaled themselves 
to fight and if possible repel the rapacious foe; but their 
efforts could not prevail. 

In the midst of the work of destruction great flocks of 
gulls appeared, and settled down upon the half-ruined fields. 
At first it seemed as if they came to destroy what the crickets 
had left; but their real purpose was soon apparent. They 
came and preyed upon the destroyers until the pests were 
vanquished- and the people saved. The heaven-sent birds then 
returned to the lake islands, whence they came, leaving the 
grateful people to shed tears of joy over their timely 
deliverance. 

In 1852 grasshoppers destroyed the crops, and the people 
were once more brought to the verge of starvation. 

In consequence President Brigham Young advised the 
people to store up grain in case of famine. As a result of 




14TH WARD KKLIKF SOCIETY HALL, SALT LAKE CITY. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 15 

this advice the Relief Society of Salt Lake County have built 
a number of granaries and stored up large quantities of wheat. 
At present there are 6112 bushels stored away. There is 
also money on hand to purchase wheat at harvest time 
$977.25. 

Twelve organizations of the Relief Society m Salt Lake 
County own their Assembly Halls, and have furnished them 
very comfortably, and others are proposing to build soon. 
Those who do not own places meet in the ward meeting 
houses in common with the other members of the ward. 
Seven branches of the society have built granaries and stored 
their own wheat. Statistical and financial report for last year 
shows: 

Total receipts - - - - $19,988.50 

Total disbursements - - 10,773.24 

On hand, cash - - - 6,730.80 

Property - - - 2,468.46 

Real estate - - 22,658.19 

Wheat fund - - - 977.25 

Bushels of wheat . - . 6112 bus. 

" Beans - - - 500 " 

Disbursements cover charitable works, emigration, temple, 
Deseret Hospital, home industries, books and buildings. 

Sarah Eddington, 
Rose Wallace, 
Members of Committee on Charities and Philanthropies. 



UTAH STAKE. 

The Utah County Relief Society was organized May 14, 
1878, though in all the towns and settlements branches of the 
society complete in organization had been in working order 
for many years; in fact early in the establishing of towns and 
villages. The first permanent one wab in Provo, in 1857, and 
its officers were Lucy M. Smith, President; Ruia A. Holden 
and Nancy B. Fleming, Counselors; Sarah J. Blackburn, 
Secretary and Treasurer. At the present time there are five 



16 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

branches of the society in Provo, each having the same 
number of officers, for in this respect there is a perfect 
uniformity throughout all the branches of the organization. 

The presiding officers of the county at the present time 
are — Mrs. Mary John, President; Mrs. Emily G. Cluff and 
Marilla M. Daniels, Counselors; Secretary, Mrs. Caroline 
Daniels; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Caroline B. Pratt; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Johanna Patten. 

There are twenty-six branches of the Relief Society in 
Utah County, and 2,375 members. The source of income in 
this county and in others also is from voluntary contributions 
and the labor of members; the expenditures yearl}^ are 
between four and five hundred dollars. The Utah County 
society ranks very high, much having been accomplished 
through the industry, diligence and executive ability of the 
members, directed by the presiding officers in the several 
local districts. 

In silk culture especially the showing is excellent for this 
county, many beautiful articles having been made; also in 
spinning and weaving fiax, and in money to emigrate 
widows and orphans from other countries, who were connected 
with the Church of Latter-day Saints. 

The good that has been accomplished through this 
organization in the practical education of women in business 
matters cannot be told in words; devising ways and means to 
assist those in need to become in part or wholly self-supporting 
is one of the chief objects of this society. It is also helpful 
in mental and moral as well as spiritual training and disci- 
pline, and has been a constant school, so to speak, for 
women who are past the opportunities of regular school life, 
and for those who through force of circumstances have never 
had the advantages so easily obtained and so largely enjoyed 
in the present day. 



JUAB STAKE. 

The Relief Society of Juab County was organized in a 
stake capacity June 23, 1878, and consists of eight branches 
all in most excellent working condition. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 17 

As regards management of affairs financial, this county 
ranks very high, and probably stands on an equality in other 
respects with the majority. In fact there is much uniformity 
in methods and teaching throughout the entire organization 
in all its stakes and branches that it is comparatively easy 
to carry on the work, through diligence and constant attention 
to perform the duties pertaining thereto. The advancement of 
women religiously, intellectually and morall}' is ever kept 
in view; the lifting up of the unfortunate, the awakening of 
thought to the higher and nobler purposes of life. 

Presiding officers of the county are Mary Pitchforth 
President, Amy L. Bigler and Hannah Jones, Counselors, 
Ellen L. Goldsbrough Secretary, Charlotte Evans Treasurer. 

This county owns considerable real estate, two halls for 
meetings and like purposes, with vestry for ordinary uses, 
sewing meetings, and places for storing property devoted by 
the society for the needy, etc. The two halls are valued at 
$3,370, which is the actual cost. They were built entirely by 
voluntary contributions. The society have also dwelling 
houses for homeless widows, which cost for building material 
$813.35. Total in buildings, $7,188.35. 



SEVIER STAKE. 

The Sevier Stake Relief Society was organized May 25, 
1879, and comprises twenty branches of the society. The 
present officers are — Elizabeth Bean, President; Sarah J. 
Spencer and Thyrza M. Thurber, Counselors; Christina 
Sellers, Secretary; Maggie Brandley, Assistant Secretary, and 
Maria Home, Treasurer. The number of members is about 
900. The aims of this organization are the same as others 
that form the General Society, and these are providing for 
the needy, the sick and the helpless and other charitable 
objects and works of womankind, improvements of every sort 
helpful in these and similar directions for the good of 
humanity, encouraging the highest morality and the most 
implicit faith in our Heavenly Father. The annual expendi- 
tures are about five hundred dollars, and this means is the 



CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



proceeds of work done by the members, or donations made for 
the express purpose. There is always cash, property and 
wheat in the treasury, and contributions are received at all 
times from any proper sources. 



SANPETE STAKE. 

Sanpete County was organized in February, 1879, and is 
similar in all respects as to its character and work to other 
stake organizations, except in one particular — that there is 
in one settlement a number of Indian women, who are members 
of the local society where they reside. The second officer in 
the society is an Indian, and she speaks in the meetings with 
the greatest freedom, exhorting the brethren as well as the 
sisters to a higher moral standard and a greater purity of life 
and character. 

There are in this county seventeen branches of the 
society, with a membership of over 2000, who devote them- 
selves to the work of benevolence, relieving the wants of the 
needy, comforting the afflicted, and assisting in all good 
works for the blessing of mankind, teaching morality and the 
principles of a religious faith, and training women in public 
speaking. 

The voluntary donations from members amount to about 
^2,400 annually, and the total receipts to about $2,700. 

This county has been very energetic in storing up wheat, 
and much of it has been gleaned by the women and children. 
There is in the granaries now on hand 8536 bushelsj which is 
kept as a standing fund and not included in receipts or dis- 
bursements, but is considered separate and apart. Real 
estate, such as land, granaries, halls for meetings, etc., owned 
by the society, is also always separate from the regular 
amounts reported. There are quite a number of buildings 
owned by women in this county, one or two of them quite 
large and commodious, and in some places there are stores 
and millinery establishments managed entirely by the Relief 
Society. 




REl^IEF SOCIKTY HALL, GUNNISOX, SANPETE CO.. UTAH. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 19 

The Relief Society Hall at Gunnison which is large 
enough to serve as a theatre and concert hall, is a good 
illustration of the executive ability women have shown who 
have managed the various practical enterprizes that has made 
this great organization such a success financially, as well as 
in the kindly deeds of mercy and charity that bless and help 
the whole world of humanity. 

One of the peculiar ways they have contrived for 
raising means in ' this county is by putting aside Sunday 
eggs and using the means for a fund. In a three months' 
report of the flourishing little city of Ephraim, situated in 
this county, we find published in the Woman's Exponent of 
August 1, 1878, the following figures, which give a good idea 
of the Relief Societ}', and is a fair sample, not exceptional: 



Donations in sundries 


- % 78.55 


Sunday eggs - 


109.58 


Cash donations 


89.00 


Apple and mulberry trees 


41.00 


Means from parties 


40.00 


Quilts made 


23.00 



Total .- - - - ^381.13 

Certainly this is commendable. These reports published 
from time to time show from what sources means have been 
accumulated. 

The Stake officers are — Mary A. Hyde, President; Minerva 
W. Snow and Sarah A. Peterson, Counselors; Mary Hyde 
White, Secretary; Mary Frantzen, Assistant Secretary; A. L. 
Cox, Corresponding Secretary; and Julia Hyde, Treasurer. 



DAVIS STAKE. 

The Relief Society of Davis County was organized in 
1878, on the 10th of April. There are in this county ten 
branches of the society, each with its own separate organized 
committees of workers like all the other branches of this great 
organized body of women. 

In this Stake there is considerable valuable property 



20 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

owned by the women of the society, some lots of land planted 
with mulberry trees, to aid in the silk culture, which has been 
quite a industry in this locality. The first silk dresses made 
in the Territory were manufactured in Farmington, Davis 
County, by Mesdames Robinson and Clark; and there has been 
quite a large quantity of cocoons raised by the members of the 
society. 

The society in this Stake also owns some buildings, a 
number of granaries, with real estate valued at $3,690.49, and 
quantities of grain, and is in a very prosperous condition in 
every department, as well temporally as spiritually. Amount 
of wheat stored, 1644 bushels and 401bs. 

The officers are Susan Grant, President; Mary S. Clarke 
and Jane Holt, Counselors; Phoebe Sessions, Secretary; 
Zelnora Glover, Treasurer. 

The financial condition corresponds with other counties, 
but it being mostly a farming district, there are very few really 
poor people, except in cases of sickness, or among new emi- 
grants not accustomed to the habits and customs of the 
country. The Relief Society has been a useful factor in 
adjusting these matters, the helpfulness rendered to those who 
are in a manner helpless is very great in the economy of the 
home and domestic comfort. 

One woman, Mrs. Patty Sessions, a widow for many 
years, but a woman of naturally strong character, had princi- 
pally through her own efforts and by industry and frugality, 
accumulated considerable property, and some 5'ears ago she 
built a schoolhouse for her own family and grandchildren 
and great-grandchildren, and also for the education of the 
poor in that neighborhood. The building will accommodate 
about sixty children, and is well fitted up. The teachers 
employed are women of superior practical ability, as well as 
education. She left money at her death (which occurred 
recently) the interest of which maintains the school regularly. 
Her name is painted over the doorway, 

PATTY session's SCHOOL. 

Mrs. Sessions was born in the State of Maine, in Bethel, 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN' S RELIEF SOCIETY. 21 

Oxford County, and was while quite young a rather remark- 
able woman. Her maiden name was Bartlett, and she mar- 
ried David Sessions in 1812. In the summer of 1834 the 
gospel in which we believe was preached in the Eastern 
States, and the Sessions family were converted and baptized, 
and in 1837 they left their home and relatives and traveled to 
Missouri, then considered the Far West, and from that time 
ever afterward her home has been among this people. She 
came to this valley in 1847 and her sons were among the first 
settlers in Davis County, where they still reside. The place 
where they located was called Session's settlement, but is bet- 
ter known at the present time as Bountiful. 



WEBER STAKE. 

The organization of the branches of the Relief Society of 
Weber County was the first one effected, and was the pattern 
by which all other branches of the society have been federated 
together in uniformity. This took place at a conference of 
the several branches in the Tabernacle in Ogden City, July 
17, 1877. Many of the representative women of the Territory 
and of Salt Lake City were present at the meeting. Mrs. 
Jane S. Richards was appointed president, and entered upon 
the duties of her office, which was only an enlargement of the 
position she had previously occupied, which was as superin- 
tendent of the five branches of the society in the cit}^ of 
Ogden. She was therefore better prepared for this larger and 
wider sphere of usefulness. 

The officers of the county are — Mesdames Jane S. 
Richards, President; Hattie C. Brown and Emily Shurtliff, 
Counselors; Martha B. Cannon, Secretary; and Miss Hattie 
Brown, Treasurer. 

There are twenty-four branches in this Stake, and these 
associations are all exceptionally flourishing. Mrs. Richards 
has taken the utmost pains to keep up a spirit of enterprise, 
and her efforts in the care of the sick and unfortunate have 
been eminently successful. She is a natural nurse herself, and 
possesses the happy faculty of superintending others and 



22 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

teaching them easy, practical methods. The number of 
workers enrolled is large accordingly, for it is one of the 
smaller counties; but the young women are as a whole actively 
interested in the labors of the society. The number is nearly 
1200, and the average attendance is very good. A late report 
of cash, property, and value of real estate on hand states: 
Over $2,000; also 5169 bushels of wheat stored, and cash to 
purchase grain, $362. When it is taken into consideration 
that all the contributions are from women, either personally or 
through various business enterprises, fairs and so forth, 
managed by them, it is very remarkable in the aggregate. 

In Weber County silk culture has received much encour- 
agement, and it was in this locality the silk was produced 
that was used for the handsome silk portiers given from Utah 
foi the Woman's Building in Chicago, though at the time it 
was reeled from the cocoons the Columbian Exposition had 
not been planned, or perhaps not even thought of. The ladies 
there have made many laudable efforts to establish home indus. 
tries, to give employment to the needy and to render the poor 
self-supporting. These efforts may yet, and no doubt will, 
culminate in successful enterprises, and at an}^ rate these under- 
takings are practically educational in a business way, and 
cannot fail to be beneficial to those who have been actively 
engaged in the methods of work. 



BOX ELDER STAKE. 

Box Elder is one of the most flourishing counties in the 
Territory. It is like a fruitful vineyard; its orchards and 
small fruits are abundant and of a superior quality, and its 
grain is excellent and yields large quantities to the acre. All 
these conditions help those engaged in works of charity and 
benevolence, as the people are able to give more freely than 
where resources are less plentiful. In this county the people 
have entered largely into co-operative enterprises and institu- 
tions, tending to build up a greater number than could otherwise 
have been benefitted. The former president of the General 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 23 

Board of the Relief Society (Eliza R. Snow, now deceased), 
interested herself very much in this particular locality, and 
used to call it a "model stake." The ladies of the county 
have prepared a life-size picture of this grand leader, Miss 
Snow, and it will be one of the exhibits in the Utah Building 
at the World's Fair; and it is quite proper that one who had 
done so much for the women of the Territory and the people 
generally should have this appreciation. 

In Box Elder County there are sixteen branches of the 
society, with a membership of nearly 800. Like others, the 
meetings are held semi-monthly. The real estate owned by 
the society in the Stake is quite valuable, amounting to about 
$3,700, and the annual expenditures of cash and other 
property, such as provisions and clothing, for charitable, 
home industries and other laudable purposes is about a thous- 
and dollars, aside from the construction of buildings. It is 
wonderful hovv' women in remote districts have gathered means 
to buy land and to build halls and granaries, and do so much 
in various ways without a standing capital, beginning with 
only what could be collected by the visiting teachers. In this 
county there have been a number of granaries and society halls 
built. The best granary in the .Territory is situated in Brig- 
ham City, the count}' seat, and is such a large and substantial 
structure that it is a source of laudable pride to the women of 
the society everywhere. It will hold many thousands of 
bushels of wheat; about one thousand bushels are already 
stored, and something over four hundred dollars on hand in 
the treasury to purchase with at harvest time. 

In Willard, about twelve miles from Brigham City, the 
society owns two full lots, an acre and a quarter each, and on 
one of these is a two-story building, the upper part of which 
is used for the society, and is very nicely furnished. The 
lower part is rented to the city council, and brings the society 
in some means to help them in various charitable enterprises, 
for it is not only giving donations that is creditable to women, 
but planning and devising methods to obtain means. 

There is in Brigham City a society auxiliary to the other. 



24 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

called the Scandinavian Women's Society, which is to benefit 
those who cannot speak the English language, and are seem- 
ingly unable to learn it, particularly the aged women. This 
organization has emigrated a large number of widows and sin- 
gle women, who were members of our Church and anxious to 
come to this country, where women have so much better 
opportunities for self-help and advancement. 

One cannot but conclude in looking over the ground and 
taking into consideration the facts, that this really is one of 
the foremost Stakes in the society at large. The average 
attendance at meetings is also extra good when compared with 
other counties. 

The officers are — Mesdames Olivia Widerbdrg, President; 
Mary Wright and Cecelia Reese, Counselors; Phoebe W. Snow, 
Secretary; Emilia D. Madsen, Corresponding Secretary; Anne 
Wixom, Treasurer. 

MORGAN STAKE. 

The Relief Society in Morgan County had several flourish- 
ing branches all properly organized prior to the union in a 
stake capacity, which was effected in August, 1878. Mrs. Lydia 
.Rich was elected President, her Counselors are — Mrs. Martha 
Tonks and Mrs. Mary Ann Simmons; Secretary, Mrs. Sarah 
A. Rawle; Treasurer, Mrs. Ann Fry. The county is 
situated where early frosts do great harm to crops, and the 
grasshoppers have been very destructive as well; but the Re- 
lief Society has never failed to do a good part, notwithstand- 
ing all the obstacles they have had to meet, and consequently 
the members and officers deserve greater praise than where 
all the conditions have been and are so much more favorable. 
Although crops have been short, the Relief Society has laid 
up grain, and were a scarcity to come there would be a reserve 
fund to draw upon. They have some good granaries, too, and 
their diligence in many respects is most commendable. Their 
society meetings are well attended, though many of them have 
to go long distances, and it is a common occurrence. 



THE NATK^NAI, WOMAN's RELIEF SOCIETY. 25 

also in several other remote counties to go to meeting in 
wagon loads, the horses harnessed and driven" by women and 
girls, while men and boys are at work on the farm or in the 
shop. 



SUMMIT STAKE. 

The Relief Society branches of Summit County were 
organized in a Stake capacity in October, 1878, Mrs. Sarah S. 
Richards, was the first President, and filled the position most 
efficiently and satisfactorily, but in consequence of her remov- 
ing from that county, a reorganization became necessary, and 
Mrs. Mary Jane Atwood was elected President. Her Counsel- 
ors are Mrs. Ann Cluff and Mrs. Ruth Pack. Mrs. Jessie S. 
Boyden is Secretary. 

Summit Stake Relief Society not only includes the county, 
but also some branches of the Society in Wyoming, conse- 
quently the numbers are large, and the superintending is more 
of a labor than where the branches are close* together. The 
Relief Society has a very flourishing store at Coalville, under 
the supervision of Mrs. Ann Cluff, and the amount of means 
it has brought in is quite considerable; but as we have not 
the exact iigures, we can only say it has proved a financial 
success. The women of this county have had Fairs year after 
year, that have been a source of revenue, and also proven their 
ingenuity and skill in handiwork as well as efficiency in. 
management. The needy are well cared for, and the sick and 
suffering administered to temporally and comforted spirituall}^ 
and the Society • manage to keep funds on hand for cases of 
emergency. Indeed the officers have shown ability, prudence 
and wisdom in the transaction of their affairs. It should be 
stated, however, that this county has railroad facilities, and 
that they are nearer to Salt Lake than many other counties, 
although the President, Mrs. Atwood, and one of her Counsel- 
ors, Mrs. Pack, reside at Kamas, which is away from the 
railroad service; but the women of the Relief Society do not 
allow any obstacle that can possibly be overcome, to hinder 
them in the performance of duty. 

( NAI KiNAl. woman's KKI.rEi- SOCIKIA', COXIIMKl) ON I'ACK (i-l . i 



20 CHARITIES AND I'HI LAX-l'H ROPIKS. 



DESERET HOSPITAL. 

The Deseret Hospital Report, by Roumania B. Pratt, M. D., 

Resident Physician. 

members of committee on charities and philanthropies: 

M. Isabella Horne, Chairman. 

Miss Annie M. Cannon, Secretary. 

TJ^e Deseret Hospital Association was organized May 12, 
1882. Salt Lake City, Utah. The officers were as follows: 
Eliza R. Snow, President. 
ZiNA D. H. Young. Vice-President. 
Matilda M. Barratt. Treasurer. 
E. B. Wells. Secretary. 

M. I. Horne, Chairman Executive Commitee. 
Marinda N. HydI'., 

PhO'.BE WOODRI'FF. 

Bathsheba W. Smi'ih. 

Jane S. Richards. 

Ellen B. Fercuson, M. D. Resident Physician. 

Elizabeth Howard, Chairman Visiting Committee. 

finance committee: 

S. M. Kimball, Priscilla Jennings, 

Priscilla M. Staines, Annie G. Sharp. 
Sarah J. Cannon, Hannah T. King. 

Elizabeth Groesbeck, Ellen Dinvvoodey, 
Elizabeth H. Goddard. Sophia W. Taylor. 

visiting hoard of j^hvsicians: 

Dr. S. B. Young. 

Dr. W. F. Anderson. 

Dr. Roumania B. Pratt, Eye and Ear. 

Mary E. Vanschoonhoven. Chemical Registrar 

and Dispensary Clerk. 
Mary Ann McLean. Matron. 



DESERET HOSPITAL. • 27 

The Relief Society Stake Presidents are members of the 
Honorary committee. Each one to represent the interests of the 
hospital in her respective locality. 

The Board of managers expect to establish in connection 
with the hospital a school for the purpose of educating mid- 
wives and a training school for nurses. 

The dedication services of the Deseret Hospital were held 
at the building on Fifth East Street, Salt Lake City, Monday, 
July 17th, 1882, at 11 o'clock a. m. Of the First Presidency of 
th6 Church John Taylor and Joseph F. Smith were present; 
of the Twelve Apostles Wilford Woodruff, and F. D. 
Richards; of the Salt Lake Stake, Angus M. Cannon, and 
Joseph E. Taylor, Mayor of the city, William Jennings, 
and Elders Charles W. Penrose, L . J. Nuttall and Joseph 
Home. The president and officers of the institution and 
many others were in the meeting. 

Dr. S. B. Young read the programme of the services. 

Prof. C. J. Thomas had charge of the music. Prayer by 
President Wilford Woodruff. 

After singing and prayer, Dr. Young read the circular and 
appeal. 

President John Taylor said his sympathies were with the 
ladies in their labors of love for the establishment of this 
Hospital, and subscribed a« trustee in trust of the Church 
five hundred dollars. Many other speakers expressed their 
good wishes for its success. 

Mayor Jennings said he considered this Hospital was 

needed in this Territoy, and that it would have his support 

■ both by his means and his faith, and manifested his good 

will by handing the President, E. R. Snow, a check for five 

hundred dollars. 

The latter part of July Dr. S. B. Young was appointed 
as Medical Superintendent of the Hospital. Under the able 
direction of Drs. Young and Ferguson, the Hospital received 
a strong impetus, and much important work was successfully 
done. The last of September, 1882, Dr. E. B. Fergu- 
son resigned her position as Resident Physician, and Dr. 



Z9 • CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

Mattie Paul Hughes was appointed to take the vacancy, 
which she did October, 1882. 

Dr. W. F. Anderson was appointed Visiting and Con- 
sulting Surgeon about the same time. 

The Hospital was removed from Fifth East street to 
corner of Second West and First North streets about July, 
1884, where it has since continued its good work. 

April, 1884, Eliza R. Snow resigned her position as 
President of the Board of Directors of the Hospital and 
Hyrum B. Clawson was selected to fill the vacancy. Mrs. M. 
Barratt also resigned as Treasurer. The Board of Directors 
was then as follows: 

H. B. Clawson, President; Zina D. H. Young, Vice- 
President; E. B. Wells, Secretary and Treasurer; M. I Home 
M. N. Hyde, Phcebe Woodruff, Bathsheba Smith, Jane S. 
Richards; S. B. Young, M. D., Romanian B. Pratt, M. D., 
Ellis R. Shipp, M. D., W. F. Anderson as Consulting Sur- 
geon. L. J. Nuttall, James Jack and A. M. Musser were 
appointed Auditing Committee. 

In the spring of 1885, Dr. Hughes resigned her position 
as Resident Ph3^sician, and the Matron, Mrs. Jennie Whipple, 
remained in charge, under the durection of visiting physi- 
cians, until September, 1886, when Dr. Joseph S. Richards 
was appointed Medical Superintendent of the Hospital, Dr. 
S. B. Young having resigned. Dr. Richards appointed Mr. 
Booth, as a student, to take charge in the hospital, Mrs. 
Whipple remaining as Matron. 

June, 1887, Dr. Richards resigned as Medical Superinten- 
dent and Surgeon in Charge, and Romania B. Pratt, M. D., 
was appointed to take charge as Resident Physician, which 
position she still retains. 

Some of the officers of the Board of Directors being^ 
removed by death, and some by resignation, it is now com- 
posed of the following names: 



DESERET HOSPITAL. 29 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS DESERET HOSPITAL: 

H. B. Clawson, President. 
ZiNA D. H. YouN«-, Vice-President. 
Emjiieline B. Wells, Secretary and Treasurer. 
* Elizabeth Howard, Assistant-Secretary and 

Treasurer. 
M. Isabella Horne, Bathsheba W. Smith, 
Ellis R. Shipp, M. D., Priscilla Jennings, 

Margaret Clawson, Ma'Rgaret RoiMnev, 

Laura M. Miner. 

The object of the Association is in a great measure 
charitable, furnishing a place where the sick and aifflcted can 
receive medical and surgical assistance at small cost or free. 
All classes of any race or denomination receive equal care and 
attention. The average number admitted for care and treat- 
ment during the year, including out patients, is over one 
hundred, making between eleven and twelve hundred during 
the ten years of its existence. 

The average monthl}' expenses are five to six hundred 
dollars, making six to seven thousand dollars yearly expendi- 
ture, which is almost covered by donations from Relief Socie- 
ties, Young Ladies', Young Mens' and Primary Associations, 
Mines, and fees paid by patients. The Hospital is not much 
in debt, but falls behind some each year. Considering the 
kind of patients admitted into the Hospital, many incurable 
cases coming only to be cared for until death relieves them, 
the death rate has not been high. Over four hundred opera- 
tions, including most of the major operations, such as 
wariotomies, etc., have been performed, and have been 
attended with unusual success. 

The school of obstetrics and training of nurses was 
opened in June, 1887, and has been in successful operation 
since that time. About thirty have received certificates, and 
gone, many of them, to distant parts of the country to fulfill 
important and useful positions. 



* Died since this article was written. 



30 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



CATHOLIC CHARITIES OF UTAH. 

As man is of the three-fold nature of body, intellect and 
soul, so Catholic charities are directed to the relief and 
betterment of his body, intellect, and soul; and as to the 
objects of their beneficence, may be so classified. As to the 
means used, they may be considered in two classes, those 
employing physical and those employing spiritual means. 
These ends are combined, and these means blended in varying 
degrees by many of the religious and lay orders and societies 
of the Church; so that neither of the above-mentioned classifi- 
cations would be perfect. 

I apprehend, however, that the term Charities is 
differently applied by most non-Catholics, and its extension 
restricted to those physical, as distinguished from spiritual, 
acts which are intended to relieve the distress and improve 
the condition of the physical man; and such I understand to 
be the sense in which it is used by the National Conference 
of Charities. I shall, therefore, confine my report to the 
work and condition of such organizations and institutions in 
this Territory. 

First, in order of both time and importance, is the 
Hospital of the Holy Cross, founded in 1875 by Right Rev. 
Bishop Scanlan, and placed in the charge of the Sisters of the 
Holy Cross. This magnificent institution had its humble 
beginning and embryonic stage in an adobe building of eight 
or nine rooms, located on the west side of Fifth East street, 
between Brigham and First South streets. The building is 
still standing, and now occupied as a dwelling house. Here, 
on the 25th day of October, 1875, with two sisters in charge, 
its doors were opened to whomsoever might seek its ministra- 
tions. The following day it received its first patient, a miner. 

Its usefulness was quickly recognized, and its very 
limited capacity, which at best could not accommodate more 
than twenty patients, was soon taxed to its utmost. However, 



CATHOLIC CHARITIES OF UTAH. 31 

it Struggled along as best it could in its hampered condition, 
until the year 1882, when the Right Rev. Bishop prevailed 
upon the sisters to purchase the ten-acre block now occupied. 
This was done after much hesitation on the part of the gentle 
sisters, as they looked with fear and trembling upon the 
assumption of what seemed to them at that time an enormous 
debt, several thousand dollars. The purchase was finally 
made, however, and the present admirably appointed building 
at once erected. So great was their need of the new building 
that the sisters, on the 27h day of June, 1882, moved into it 
before the upper story was finished. 

The present structure is arranged and built upon the most 
approved hospital plans; and was erected under the personal 
supervision of the chief of its medical staff, Dr. Fowler. 
Every convenience and facility known to medical science is 
speedily added. The building contains in all about sixty large 
and well appointed rooms; some of them are more correctly 
termed wards. Separate from the main building is the furnace 
building, ice-house, etc., and a new department for treatment 
of persons infected with contagious diseases, which has just 
been erected at a total cost of about $3000. 

The capacity of the hospital at present is about one hun- 
dred and fifty patients; this does not include the new build- 
ing for those contagiously diseased, which could probably 
accommodate about twenty in an emergency. 

The number of sisters in charge has been increased from 
time to time, until instead of the original two, it is now 
fifteen. The success of their work, and the love of all who 
have been under their care, are the best testimonials of their 
excellence. 

The medical staff, to whose fame and skill is due a large 
share of the credit for the rapid increase of the patronage and 
celebrity of the hospital, is composed of Drs. Fowler, Pinker- 
ton, Meacham and Meyer, who are so well and favorably 
known that no extended eulogistic mention in this report 
could add to the estimation in which they are held. 

Since the foundation of the hospital to the present time 
over fifteen thousand patients have been treated. Of this 



L,HAK.lil£,S AIMJJ rn 1 l^rtiN 1 riKUri £- 3. 



number about two thousand have been charity patients; the 
others have, in whole or in part, paid for the treatment and 
attention received. No person in need of attention is refused, 
and, ot course, no discrimination is made for any cause what- 
ever. 

During the year 1892 over two thousand patients received 
treatment; ot these 291 were out-door patients, viz., not 
quartered in the hospital. Besides these, there were a number 
of charity patients who were at the hospital but a short time 
and of whom no record was kept. One of the medical staff 
estimates the number of these charity patients during the past 
year to have been as many as four or five hundred. There 
are at present eighty-five patients in the hospital; a large per 
cent, of them being surgical cases. Dr. Meacham is preparing 
a history of recent important surgical cases, which will be 
printed in pamphlet form and will be of great interest to 
those interested in such matters, especially surgeons. 

Large and well-equipped as the present building is it is 
not considered adequate for the perfect treatment of its ever- 
increasing number of patients. The fame of the hospital and 
its medical staff has gone forth into all the country round about 
and persons are brought from all the adjoining States and 
Territories, among them being many cases requiring the 
highest medical and surgical skill and most perfect methods 
of treatment. It is the intention of the Sisters and medical 
staff to erect another large wing arranged for the best possible 
treatment of surgical cases. This wing will, probably, be 
erected this year and its estimated cost is placed at thirty or 
forty thousand dollars. 

The principal financial support of the hospital is derived 
from the payments by patients and a share of the monthly 
contributions by miners. There is not a cent of debt, and the 
hospital is in a very prosperous condition. 

In 1879 a hospital was established at Silver Reef mining 
camp. It was also in the charge of the Sisters of the Holy 
Cross, and its chief support was derived from the monthly 
contributions of the miners. It remained in operation until 
1883, when, owing to the closing down of the mines in the 



CATHOLIC CHARITIES OF UTAH. 33 

camp, it was discontinued. There was an average of about 
twelve patients in the hospital, and a school was also con- 
ducted in connection with it. 

The Union Pacific Hospital at Ogden is not a Catholic 
institution, but is in the charge of the Sisters of the Holy 
Cross. The building, attendant physician, all apparatus, light 
and fuel, are furnished by the Union Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany, and the patients are solely those sent by the railway 
officials. The sisters simply furnish food and attention, and 
receive a weekl)^ compensation for each patient in the hospital. 
This arrangement has existed for about four years. There are 
five sisters in charge, and have an average of about thirty 
patients. The building is well arranged and thoroughly 
appointed for the best care and treatment of patients. It has a 
capacity of about fift)'. 

For several years Right Rev. Bishop Scanlan had been 
planning the institution of an orphanage. About a year and 
a half ago he announced that he had determined upon the 
immediate founding of such an institution, and that, if neces- 
sary, he would make a personal canvas from house to house 
throughout the entire Territory to secure the necessary 
assistance. This strong appeal brought a prompt response 
from those most interested in such charity, and St. Ann's 
Orphan Society was formed. This society has a membership 
of about thirty prominent ladies of the diocese, and its object 
is to render practical assistance to the needs of the orphanage 
by soliciting contriubtions, making clothing for the children, 
etc. It deserves much praise for the work it has already done. 

St. Ann's Orphanage opened its doors on the 15th day of 
October, 1891. It owes its creation to Right Rev. Bishop 
Scanlan, and has been from the beginning under his 
immediate supervision. It is in the charge of the Sisters of 
the Holy Cross, who personally attend to the children and do 
all the work of the institution. 

The objects of the orphanage are: 

Firstly. To house, clothe and feed children who are 
either orphans, half-ophans, viz., such who have one parent 
living, those who have been abandoned by their parents, or 



34 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

those whose parents are, by sickness, poverty, or any other 
cause, rendered unable or unfit to properly provide for them. 

Secondly. To impart to such children sufficient educa- 
tion and morality to enable them to earn an honest and 
honorable livelihood and to become useful and worthy members 
of society; and. 

Thirdly. To procure for them, when sufficiently advanced 
in age and education, suitable employment whereby they may 
support themselves. 

No discrim.mation or preference whatever as to creed, 
color, or circumstance is made either in admittance, care or 
kindness. 

There is no fixed limit of age beyond which children will 
not be admitted; but, children over fourteen years of age are 
not taken, unless their condition is especially needy. 

Especial attention is given to teaching the girls to sew, 
cook, and perform all other household duties, intelligently 
and skilfully 

About sixty children have been received; and the average 
number per month has been about thirty. There are thirty- 
three children in the orphanage at present. Those children 
who have been received but who are not now inmates, are 
children whose parents were temporarily unable to support 
them but have since resumed their charge. There have been 
no deaths at the Orphanage, as yet. 

The building occupied at present, is situated on the north- 
east corner of Third East and First South Streets, and is 
entirely inadequate for the proper accomodation, even, of the 
present inmates. T"he great usefulness of the institution is 
thus very seriously hampered and restrained. 

The chief maintenance of the Orphanage is the monthly 
contributions of generous and charitably disposed persons in 
the city, non-Catholic, as well as Catholic; also donations. 
The means, however, are frequently insufficient; but the 
deficits are promptly supplied by the Rt. Rev. Bishop. 

The Orphanage is in a fairly prosperous condition, but 
much in need of a more commodious and better arranged 
building and a larger fund of contributions. 



CATHOLIC CHARITIES OF UTAH. 35 

Perhaps some here present may be reminded of some out- 
worn or unused article of clothing, or little odds and ends 
which are of no particular benefit to yourselves; if so, I can 
assure you that they would be most acceptable to those in 
charge of the Orphanage. 

Mrs. W. S. McCornick. 



36 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THE FIRST PRESBY- 
TERIAN CHURCH OF SALT LAKE. 

The society was organized in 1878. Mrs. J. C. Rayle 
was the first president. It now numbers over fifty members. 
A meeting is held the second Tuesday in each month, except 
July and August, at which topics are discussed and papers 
read according to the printed programme which is prepared 
at the beginning of each year by the Literary Committee. 

The money is raised by contributions, and during the 
years from 1888 to 1892, inclusive, amounts to $537.00. 
The present officers are: 

Mrs. W. H. Tibbals, President. 

Mrs. J. R. Caskey, First Vice-President. 

Mrs. T. K. Sage,. Second Vice-President. 

Mrs. J. A. Earls, Third Vice-President. 

Mrs. Annie L. Bascom, Treasurer. 

Miss Lorbough, Recording Secretary. 

Miss Nellie Johnson, Corresponding Secretary. 
A Young Ladies' Missionary Society was organized in 
1883 among the pupils of the Collegiate Institute in connec- 
tion with the First Presbyterian Church. The society num- 
bers twenty-five members, and raised about $10.00 yearly. 

woman's aid society first PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, SALT LAKE, 

UTAH. 

This society was organized January, 1882. The founda- 
tion of the society was the result of a request by the pastor 
that the women of the Church aid him in his benevolent work, 
as it had grown beyond his ability to care for it. 

As the Church grew in size it was found necessary to 
make provision for the social intercourse of its members. A 
Visiting Committee was appointed to call on all the strangers 
in the congregation. Another committee was appointed to 



HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 37 

visit among the poor and investigate and assist cases of 
charity reported to the society. 

This charity is not confined to the poor of the Church 
alone, but it aims to relieve the suffering of any destitute 
persons wh© cannot procure help from other sources. 

A record has not been kept of the number of persons 
relieved, except during the past two or three years; but it 
would probably average fifteen cases a month, some of them 
being assisted during the entire year, as in the case of feeble 
or aged people. That average would amount during the ten 
years to one thousand eight hundred cases, which is no 
doubt a low estimate. 

The yearly expenditure for the last few years has been 
about $200. The money is raised by voluntary monthly sub- 
scriptions of the members. A business meeting is held the 
first Tuesda)' in the month, at which all cases are reported 
and arrangements made for social entertainments. This 
business meeting is preceded by a social or reception, with a 
light luncheon served at one o'clock by a group of ladies, who 
take their turn in alphabetic order. A bi-monthly sociable is 
held in the evening for all members of the congregation. 
The present officers are: 

Mrs. H. G. McMillan, President. 

Mrs. J. Brinkee, Vice-President. 

Mrs. J. C. E. King, Secretary. 

Mrs. M. K. Parsons, Treasurer. 

Miss M. E. Moore, Benevolent Committee. 

the aid society of the WESTMINSTER PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF 

SALT LAKE CITY. 

This society was organized November 22nd, 1888, with 
seventeen members. The object of the society is to help in 
all charitable work. The persons assisted have been princi. 
pally women and children, who have been furnished with 
money for food, rent and fuel, or with clothing, which has 
been made by the society, especially for children, in order 
that they might attend the Sunday School. 

The society has assisted since its organization up to the 



38 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

present time two hundred and seventy-five persons. The 
money is raised by collections. It has also raised ^900 for 
repairs on the Church, and for the Sunday School. The 
officers are: 

Mrs. t. i^. Arnold, President. 

Mrs. a. B. Libbey, Vice-President. 

Mrs. W. Rhodda, Treasurer. 

Mrs. W. O. Williams, Secretary. 

THE HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF WESTMINSTER 
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH SALT LAKE. 

This society raises about $50 yearly. The money is 
raised by collections. 

A society is also organized in the Sunda}' School. 

ladies' aid SOCIETY, THIRD PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF SALT LAKE 

CITY. 

The society was organized April 7th, 1892. 
Mrs. Hoag, President. 
Mrs. Davis, Vice-President. 
Mrs. Weeks, Treasurer. 
Mrs. Redfield, Secretary. 
The society has about fifteen members. The chief work 
so far has been to furnish the Church which has been built 
but a few months. 

The amount of money raised and expended, $110. 

ladies' home AND FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY, THIRD PRESBY- 
TERIAN CHURCH, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. 

This society was organized October, 1892. The Church* 
itself was only organized the preceding June. 
Mrs. Josiah McLain, President. 
Mrs. H. C. Care, Vice-President. 
Mrs. W. a. Hough, Secretary and Treasurer. 
It has as yet but six member. 

Mrs. J. McVicKER. 



BAPTIST CHURCH. 39 



BAPTIST CHURCH, 



REPORT ON CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES 
OF THE BAPTIST CHURCH. 

There is in connection with the First Baptist Church of 
this city no society exclusively devoted to charitable work. 

The Ladies' Aid Society was organized in the spring of 
1884, and has been successfully sustained until the present 
time. Since its organization its aim has been to assist the 
needy wherever found, and while ministering to the needs of 
the body, to also feed the hungry soul. While the Church 
School was in operation much aid was given to- destitute chil- 
dren in the way of clothing, thus enabling them to avail them- 
selves of the educational advantages offered. Although the' 
poor immediately connected with our Church have been care- 
fully sought out and aided, by far the greater part of our 
charity has been given to those not identified with any 
relipfious organization. 

The society has given clothing, food and money, the latter 
generally expended by committees for needed food, fuel, medi- 
cine or house rent. 

It is impossible to give details, but it is deemed safe to 
estimate the annual expenditure at $200, making the aggregate 
since 1884 $1600. The names of the present officers are: 
Mrs. E. E. Kuntz, President. 
Mrs. J. E. Berkley, Secretary. 
Mrs. Dr. Maclean, Treasurer. 
The Womans' Missionary Society was organized in the 
summer of 1890, and although its plan of work aims to deal 
with the spiritual rather than the material body, yet the lines 
of work are so closely allied that many destitute families have 
been first clothed and fed, then welcomed to the Mission Sun- 
day School. The work of this kind done by this society is 
estimated at $50 per year, or for the two and a half years $250. 



40 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

The charitable work of the Mission Churches is of such recent 
date that no estimate has been made. 

Mrs. M. R. Warner, President. 
Miss L. E. Paine, Vice-President. 
Mrs. E. Hawxhurst, Secretary. 
Mrs. J. E. Berkley, Treasurer. 

Respectfully submitted. 

Mrs. M. R. Warner. 



THE orphans' home AND DAY NURSERY ASSOCIATION. 41 



ORPHANS' HOME AND DAY NURSERY 
ASSOCIATION. 



In the fall of 1884 Miss Elizabeth Dickey was sent by 
the Home Mission Board of the Presbyterian Church to estab- 
lish kindergartens in connection with the Presbyterian Mission 
Schools in Utah. Miss Dickey had been working in Phila- 
delphia in the free kindergartens connected with day nurseries, 
and soon after her arrival in Salt Lake began to talk with the 
ladies she met about establishing a day nursery in this city, 
■After canvassing among the people of the different churches, a 
meeting was called in October, 1884, at the First Presbyterian 
Church, which was attended by about forty persons. An 
organization was formed, and after several meetings a con- 
stitution was adopted. The organization was called the Day 
Nursery Association, its object being to found and sustain a 
Day Nursery where comfortable home care should be provided 
for childien too young to be left alone, whose mothers were 
dependent for support upon their own earnings. 

The officers were a president and vice-president from each 
of the Christian Churches in the city, with one independent 
vice-president to represent those outside of Churches who 
wished to join in the work, also a secretary, treasurer and 
auditor. 

The city was canvassed by a soliciting committee, and 
$900 raised; also furniture and other supplies were con- 
tributed. 

Part of a house was rented on First South and Third East 
Streets, which is now occupied by the St. Ann's Orphanage, 
and the Nursery opened with five children. 

After a few months another house was rented on Third 
South, near Sixth East, as the rooms first occupied were not 
sufficient to accommodate the children brought to the Nursery. 
A kindergarten was at once started, and Miss Dickey, who 
was the first president, visited the Nursery daily. 

3 



42 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

After the Nursery was moved to Third South Street Mrs. 
Sarah Reed became the matron, and with an assistant cared 
for all the children, among whom were at one time sixteen 
babies. It was a constant struggle on the part of the mana- 
gers to get food, clothing and supplies. Each Church contri- 
buted to furnish a room, merchants, butchers and bakers sent 
supplies of bedding and food. Many of the ladies sent prepared 
food daily. Subscription lists were circulated for amounts to 
be paid monthly, which with the membership fees, and the 
nominal sum of five cents daily from the mothers, furnished a 
small permanent fund. Thus the work went on for about two 
years, when an effort was made to secure a permanent home 
for the Nursery. A concert was given for its benefit, by 
which some money was raised. In order to hold property, 
the association must be incorporated, and while considering 
this matter it was thought best to change the plan of works, 
as the day system had been found impracticable, owing to the 
long distance the mothers had to come in order to bring the 
children in the morning and call for them at night. As a 
result of this inconvenience, many of the mothers had left 
their children in the Nursery during the week, only taking 
them out over Sunday. 

After the matter had been considered for some months, it 
was decided in favor of adopting a new constitution and incor- 
porating under the title of an Orphans' Home and Day 
Nursery Association, whose object was to found and maintain 
Orphans' Home and Day Nurseries for the relief of destitute 
children. Each religious organization could be represented by 
a director, and thus the Mormons, Hebrews, and Catholics 
united with the Evangelical Churches in carrying on this good 
work. The Catholic afterwards withdrew and established the 
St. Ann's Orphanage. 

The association purhased a neat, four-roomed brick cot- 
tage, with a lot five rods by ten rods, on First South street, 
near Twelfth East, for ^2000. 

The Day Nursery Association had collected from October, 
1885, to December 31st, 1886, ^1315.30. The expenditures 
had been ^1121.10, leaving a balance of $201.60 for the new 



THE orphans' home AND DAY NURSERY ASSOCIATION. 43 

association. This amount was increased to $500 by various 
means, and a payment of $500 made on the property. Then a 
mortgage of $1500 was given to secure the remainder. 

A subscription list was circulated among the bankers and 
other business men, who responded generously. An enter- 
tainment in the form of an author's carnival and ball was 
given, and from all sources the sum of $2650.25 was raised. 
This set the association on its feet, for the debt was paid, an 
addition built on the cottage, a fine steel range bought, awning 
and screens provided, and the garden and grounds put in order. 
The only thing lacking was a good supply of water. The city 
had not yet extended the water mains as far east as Twelfth 
street, and as there was only ditch water from the canal, all 
the water for drinking and culinary purposes must be purchased 
at so much a barrel. An appeal was made to the City Council, 
who responded by appropriating $100 for the water supply. 
This they did for three consecutive 3^ears. 

During the winter of 1887-8 a petition was sent to the 
Utah Legislature, then in session, asking aid for the Home, 
which was a Territorial institution in that it received children 
from all parts of the Territory, and was the only place pro- 
vided for destitute children. The committee from the Home 
labored faithfully with the members, and were backed by peti- 
tions from the Chamber of Commerce and all the leading citi- 
zens; but all to no avail. The matter was put off with various 
pretexts until the last moment, when it was brought up in 
such a form that it was instantly defeated. 

A former Legislature had passed a bill appropriating 
$1000 to the Home, but it was so attached to other appropria- 
tions that it was vetoed by Governor Murray, although he was 
in favor of the Home. 

Each succeeding Legislature has been asked to grant an 
appropriation to the Home, but so far without any good results. 

In August, 1888, an opportunity was offered to purchase 
some property on South State street, just beyond the city limits, 
consisting of about four acres of land, containing a house of 
six rooms, a barn, with horse and buggy, a cow, etc., for 
$3100. This property was secured and the cottage sold. The 



44 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

children enjoyed the change from city to country, where they 
could play under large spreading trees, laden with luxurious 
fruit. An artesian well was on the place, but, not furnishing 
sufificient water, another was sunk, and having been paid for 
by money donated on account of Harrison's election, was 
called the Benjamin Harrison. 

With plenty of good water, fresh fruit and rich milk, 
the children were so healthy that there was not one case of 
sickness requiring the attention of a physician for many 
months. 

In the spring of 1891 a new Home was built at a cost of 
about ^5000. It is three and a half stories high, the lower 
story of red sandstone, with walls two feet thick, the upper 
stories of brick. On the ground floor are dining rooms, 
pantries, kitchen, closets, and a large hall where the furnace 
is placed which heats and ventilates the whole building. The 
second story contains a reception room, a large play-room in 
the south-east corner, a hall, and two rooms for the matron. 
Above this are the dormitories, which are light and airy, and 
furnished with neat iron beds, with woven wire springs. 
Adjoining the dormitories are rooms for attendants. The 
attic above is well lighted and heated, and can be used when 
there is need of more room. At the rear of the building is a 
laundry, store-room and coal-house, connected with the main 
building by a covered passage. Water is brought from the 
well into the kitchen, and cement and gravel walks are laid 
about the grounds and building. 

The children attend the excellent public school but a few 
rods distant from the Home. 

There have been but three deaths in all the years, and 
two of these cases were diseased when they entered the 
Home. A physician's certificate must be procured before a 
child can be placed in the Home, in order to protect the 
inmates already there. 

It is not the design of the association to keep the children 
permanently in the Home, but rather as they are fitted and 
good homes offered, to place them with families where they 
will be kindly cared for and in many cases adopted. When 



THE orphans' home AND DAY NURSERY ASSOCIATION. 45 

children are entered by mothers, it is usually a temporary 
arrangement until they can get a start to furnish a home; but 
in some cases they are willing to give up the children 
altogether. Fathers who have lost their wives sometimes 
keep their children in the Home for years; but in such cases 
they are required to pay double the amount asked of the 
mothers, which is only $5 per month. 

As the employes are only a matron, housekeeper and 
washerwoman, each child is required to assist in some part of 
the work as it is able, either in the house or about the 
grounds. In this way they are fitted for future usefulness and 
independence. The number of children in the Home has 
varied greatly. The average during the month while in the 
cottage was about fifteen. Since the new Home was built the 
number has greatly increased, varying from twenty to thirty, 
and over. The whole number for 1891, as stated in the 
annual report, is 137. 

The means for support have been obtained from member- 
ship fees, . monthly subscriptions of money or meat, fllour, 
groceries and other supplies, donations, board of children, 
and the larger sums raised at entertainments, excursions, 
musical teas, etc. 

A plan of endowment has been adopted by which any 
person paying $100 can name a bed and nominate the child 
who shall receive the benefit of the endowment. Seventeen 
beds have already been taken. 

Since the first organization, in 1884, over $21,000 has been 
raised and expended by the association, which is now out 
of debt, and possessed of a comfortable and commodious 
Home. 

The Orphans' Home is the only non-sectarian institution in 
Utah, and has cared for hundreds of children, and fitted many 
for useful lives, who have gone to homes where they are loved 
and respected, and who, if they had not been cared for in the 
Home, would have swelled the number of those who fill our 
jails and penitentiary. 



46 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

The names of the present officers are: 
Mrs. Hiram Johnson, President. 
Mrs. R. H. Terhune, Secretary. 
Miss Martha A. Locke, Corresponding Secretary. 
Mrs. J. E. Bamberger, Treasurer. 

Mrs. E. J. McVicker. 



YOUNG LADIES AID SOCIETY. 47 



YOUNG LADIES' AID SOCIETY. 



REPORT OF THE YOUNG LADIES' AID SOCIETY FOR THE COMMITTEE 
OF CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES OF THE SALT LAKE COUNTY 
world's FAIR ASSOCIATION. 

Name of organization — Young Ladies' Aid Society. 

Date of organization--October 5th, 1886. 

Present officers: 

Emma McCornick, President. 
Fanny Hanauer, Vice-President. 
Bertha Hempstead, Secretary. 
Blanche Mackintosh, Treasurer. 

Object of Organization — To render help to the deserving 
poor. 

Class of persons assisted — All needing aid, irrespective of. 
creed, age or nationality. 

Number assisted — From twenty-three to fifty-five families 
each month. 

Average assisted each year- — Thirty-five families each 
month. 

Whole number assisted since organization — Two hundred 
and fifty families. 

Amount of money raised each year — Average amount, 
fourteen hundred and seventy dollars and sixty-five cents. 

How raised — By monthly subscriptions, and entertain- 
ments. 

Yearly expenditure — Average amount, fourteen hundred 
and seventy dollars and sixty-five cents. 

Brief history — The "Young Ladies' Aid Society," an out- 
growth of the "Ladies' General Aid Society," was organized 
October 5th, 1886, with a membership of twelve young girls. 
As a non-sectarian institution its object was to aid all cases 
of distress which came under its notice, irrespective of creed, 
age or nationality. 

It appoints each year a special visiting committee whose 



48 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

dut}' it is to visit the homes of these people and learn as 
nearly as possible their true condition that they may be 
helped accordingly. Since its organization the society has 
expended over nine thousand dollars. 

This amount has been spent principally for rents, f6od 
and coal, besides this a great deal of clothing has been made 
and solicited and given away. 

The Society has given assistance to two hundred and forty 
families. Some of these have received aid every month since 
its organization, others have been helped as occasion required. 

The Society has endeavored to secure employment for all 
who are able to work and has been the means of rendering 
many self-supporting. 

Those assisted regularly each month are either invalids, 
or aged and infirm. 

The Society's income is derived from regular monthly 
subscriptions and occasional entertainments given by ' its 
members, which have been most generously patronized by the 
public. 

Miriam Godbe Brooks. 

Jan. 2nd, 1893. 



PHILLIPS BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 49 



PHILLIPS BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 

REPORT OF THE PHILLIPS BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 

The Ladies' Benevolent Society of the Phillips Congre- 
gational Church, Salt Lake City, was organized March 2, 
1887. The aim of the society is to relieve the wants of the 
poor anfd sick in the neighborhood. 

The society raises the money used for charitable purposes 
by sewing, private donations and fairs. The average yearly 
amount raised is about $100, and the expenditures are the 
same. 

The teachers in the Phillips School located in the 10th 
ward, saw the need of such an organization as they had many 
poor children in their school, and invited the ladies of the 
neighborhood who were interested in the matter, to meet with 
them and decide what was the best thing to do. The organi- 
zation of this society was the result of the conference. 
Weeky meetings are held, at which time the ladies do sewing, 
either for the poor, for those who send in work to do, or 
for the sales which the society has. No fees are charged as 
many of the members of the society are poor. 
The present officers are: 

Mrs. Julia McGillivray, President. 

Mrs. Jennie M. King, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Executive Committee. 
Mrs. J. L. Coombs. Mrs. D. W. Bartlett. 

Mrs. Rice. Miss Flora M. Richards. 

Miss Annie Baker. 



50 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL. 

There are at the present time four organized Ladies' 
Charitable and Philanthropic Societies of the M. E. Church 
in Salt Lake County, all located in the city of Salt Lake. 

The Society of the 1st M. E. Church was organized 
August 2nd, 1888, with a membership of thirty. It now 
numbers fifty. 

The present officers are: 

Mrs. p. C. Brown, President. 
Mrs. J. Post, Vice President. 
Mrs. R. Dumbeck, Secretary. 
Mrs. a. C. Ewing Treasurer. 

Our charitable work is extended to any whom we find 
in need. But we find the greatest number of needy people 
outside of our church organization. Not more than half a 
dozen needy persons have been found in our church since the 
society was organized. The remainder of the persons helped 
have been outside the Church. (The Epworth League does 
the greatest part of the charitable work of the Church.) 

No record is kept of the number assisted. There has 
been expended by this Society an average of ^500.00 annually. 
This money is raised by entertainments and donations. 
The Aid Society of the Iliff M. E. Church was organized 
August 4th, 1891, with a membership of eight. At the present 
time it numbers twenty-five. 
The present officers are: 

Mrs. J. R. Bowdle, President. 
Mrs. T. C. Iliff, Vice President. 
Mrs. S. Rognon, Secretary. 
Mrs. Mansfield, Treasurer. 

The object of this society is to do charitable and philan- 
thropic work. There is no record kept of the number assisted 
but all who are found needy are assisted by this society. The 
first year ending August 4th, 1892, the amount raised and ex- 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL. 51 

pended was $74.35. The half year ending February 4th, 1893, 
was $110.15. 

The Aid Society of the Liberty Park M. E. Church was 
organized July 5th, 1892. 

The present officers are: 

Mrs G. J. McKiBBONS, President. 

Mrs. W. H. H. Spafford, Vice-President. 

Mrs. C. F. Borden, Secretary. 

Mrs. M. Carter, Treasurer. 

The object of the organization is similar to all the so- 
cieties of the M. E. Church. But its first work has been 
directed and its money expended for the erection of a house 
of worship. In the sixth month of its organization $138.05 
has been raised and thus expended. These funds are raised 
by membership fees and tea parties held at the homes of its 
members. 

There is an Aid Society connected with the 2nd M. E. 
Church of this city. 

Both church and society, have just been organized, so no 
report can be made of work done at present date. 

Mrs. J. Post. 



52 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



HEBREW BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 

To the Commiitee on Charities of the Salt Lake County Wo?-ld's 
Fai}' Association. 

I BEG leave to submit the following report of the work of 
the Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society of this city for the past 
year, together with a brief history of its work since its organi- 
zation. ^ 

The receipts during the year 1892 were $749. 00. and dis- 
bursements were $757.00. Twenty-eight persons were 
assisted. The majority of which were transients. The 
officers for the year: 

Mrs. Louis Hyams, President. 
Mrs. Fred. Simon, Vice-president. 
Mrs. Joe Oberndorfer, Treasurer. 
Mrs. S. Woolf, Secretary. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

Mrs. Louis Cohn. Mrs. H. Bamberger, 

Mrs. C. M. Freed. 
The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society was reorganized 
Jan. 4th, 1888, with a charter membership of twenty-one, its 
present membership is fifty-three. Although the organization 
is sectarian in its membership they have always extended a 
helping hand to all persons applying for aid. Twenty is the 
average number of persons assisted each year, and ninetj'-six 
the total number assisted since their organization. Their 
income is derived from dues and proceeds of social enter- 
tainments. The total receipts from all sources for the past 
five years was $3093.50 expenditures for same period were 
$2416.50. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Mrs. Louis Hyams. 



BURLINGTON BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 53 



BURLINGTON BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. 



REPORT OF BURLINGTON LADIES' BENEVOLENT SOCIETY; 

Early in the year 1889, the ladies interested in the 
Burlington Congregational School, Salt Lake City, met at the 
school house and organized an aid society whose aim is to aid 
any needy and sick. 

During the four years of its organization, many sick and 
needy ones have had their wants relieved. Letters received 
from such ones show that they fully appreciate the kindnesses 
shown to them. 

Weekly meetings for sewing and social converse are held 
by the society. 

Yearly fairs and festivals are held,'^the proceeds of which 
are used for charitable purposes. 

The present officers are: 

Miss Anna Baker, President. 
Miss Fanny Hall, Sec. and Treas. 



54 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



LADIES' AID SOCIETY. 



REPORT OF THE LADIES AID SOCIETV OF THE CENTRAL CHRISTIAN 

CHURCH. 

The Ladies' Aid Society of the Central Christian Church 
was organized June 17th, 1890. 
The officers are: 

Mrs. T. R. Tisdale, President. 

Mrs. |. M. Breeze, Vice-president. 

Mrs. Hoops, Secretary. 

Mrs. J. C. Budds, Treasurer. 

The object of the society is to aid the pastor in his work 
of visiting the sick, or in such other ways as he may suggest 
or direct. To devise methods for cultivating social and 
friendly intercourse throughout the membership of the church. 
To devise ways and means for raising money to aid in carry- 
ing on the various departments of church work. 

We have no organized charities in the society, ours being 
a mission church we have needed all our funds to assist in 
carrying on the church work. 

The amount of money raised by the society the first year 
was $280.25. The amount raised the second year $400.25. 

Total amount $680.50. 

The money was raised by invitation fees and dues as 
members of the society, by socials and bazars. The amount 
on hand $10.00. 

The above amount has been expended in sustaining and 
advancing the work of the Church. 

Dr. Mrs. M. J. Green. 



ladies' auxiliary. ' 55 



LADIES' AUXILIARY. 

To Mrs. E. B. Wells, President of Salt Lake County 'WorlcT s 
Fair Cotnmittee. 

Dear Madam: — We take great pleasure in submitting the 
following report as to the object and work of the Ladies' 
Auxiliary to the Young Mens' Christian Association of this 
city as requested by your secretary. 

The Ladies' Auxiliary to the Young Men's Christian 
Association was organized Nov. 25th, 1890, with nineteen 
members on its roll. 

Its object is best defined by its name. It is to aid or 
help the association in whatever they may undertake where 
help is needed. 

A little more than two years have elapsed since the organ- 
ization of this society, and the success that has crowned its 
efforts go to show the need in which the association stood of 
such an ally. 

We have given about fifteen entertainments, some of 
which have been literary and social entertainments, and from 
such most of our funds have been raised. We have also given 
free membership socials, which gave members the opportunity 
of becoming better acquainted. Three New Year's receptions 
have been given, where fully twelve hundred people have been 
served with lunch; and three book socials, at which four hun- 
dred and sixty books were donated. During this time about 
five hundred dollars have been raised, two hundred of which 
were used in furnishing the parlor of the rooms, and the 
balance in various ways for the benefit of the association. 

We now have a membership of forty-five. Our officers 
are: 

Mrs. Geo. J. McKibbin, President. 
Mrs. G. F. Stiehl, Secretary. 
Mrs. Hudson Smith, Treasurer. 



58 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

week, whose dut}- it was to call upon all strangers and others 
that we would hear of. Many were sick and needed attention 
as well as money. Many were here stranded, anxious to get 
to their friends, or where they could do better for themselves. 

Three of that class we helped with money, to the amount 
of ^50, to go on their way rejoicing. The numbers assisted 
and comforted otherwise it would be impossible to give. 
Money disbursed by the Auxiliary was raised by means of 
dues, socials and entertainments. 

Expenses of the society were nothing, as we met at the 
houses of the members. 

During the summer, times became so very close that we 
thought best to adjourn until money was easier. We hope 
and expect to call our society together just ac soon this spring 
or as it looks favorable to raising any money, as a society with 
an empty treasury is of no account. 

Respectfully submitted. 
E. J. Peabody, Secretary and Treasurer. 



NEEDLEWORK CxUILD OF AMERICA. 59 



NEEDLEWORK GUILD OF AMERICA. 



SALT LAKE CITY BRANCH. 

Mrs. Margaret B. Salisbury, 574 E., First South Street, 

Honorary President. 
Mrs. W. a. Nelden, 231 S. Sixth East Street, President. 
Mrs. Edward B. Critchlow, 430 S. Seventh East Street, 

Secretary. 
Mrs. Walter Murphv, 435 Uintah Place, Treasurer. 

The Needlework Guild of America, organized in Phila- 
delphia, April, 1885, is modeled after the pattern of the work 
founded in England ten years ago by Lady Wolverton. It 
has spanned the Atlantic, and now stretches almost from 
ocean to ocean across this fair land of ours. 

The Guild of America is composed of many organiza- 
tions, called branches. Branches may be formed anywhere, 
and control the distribution of their own garments. 

Cities having a population of 25,000 and over must be 
organized in Sections. Anyone can organize a Section. 

A Section consists of a President, Secretary, at least 
three Directors, and their members, and must return annuall)^ 
not less than 110 garments. When ten Sections are formed, 
they shall be organized into a Cit}' Branch by the election of 
an Honorary President, President, Secretary, and Treasurer, 
for the entire Branch. There shall be no Vice-Presidents, as 
the Section Presidents stand in that relation. 

The President of the Branch is a member of the Central 
Bureau. 

The object of the Guild is to furnish new, plain, suitable 
garments to meet the great need of our Hospitals, Homes, 
and other Charities. 

vMen, women, ^and children may become meuibers. 

It is non-sectarian. 

All members must contribute annually two or more new- 
articles of useful clothing. 



58 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

week, whose dut}' it was to call upon all strangers and others 
that we would hear of. Many were sick and needed attention 
as well as money. Many were here stranded, anxious to get 
to their friends, or where they could do better for themselves. 

Three of that class we helped with money, to the amount 
of $50, to go on their way rejoicing. The numbers assisted 
and comforted otherwise it would be impossible to give. 
Money disbursed by the Auxiliary was raised by means of 
dues, socials and entertainments. 

Expenses of the society were nothing, as we met at the 
houses of the members. 

During the summer, times became so very close that we 
thought best to adjourn until money was easier. We hope 
and expect to call our society together just ac soon this spring 
or as it looks favorable to raising any money, as a society with 
an empty treasury is of no account. 

Respectfully submitted. 
E. J. Peabody, Secretary and Treasurer. 



NEEDLEWORK GUILD OF AMERICA. 59 



NEEDLEWORK GUILD OF AMERICA. 



SALT LAKE CITY BRANCH. 

Mrs. Margaret B. Salisbury, 57-1 E., First South Street, 

Honorary President. 
Mrs. W. A. Nelden, 231 S. Sixth East Street, President. 
Mrs. Edward B. Critchlow, 430 S. Seventh East Street, 

Secretary. 
Mrs. Walter Murphv, 435 Uintah Place, Treasurer. 

The Needlework Guild of America, organized in Phila- 
delphia, April, 1885, is modeled after the pattern of the work 
founded in England ten years ago by Lady Wolverton. It 
has spanned the Atlantic, and now stretches almost from 
ocean to ocean across this fair land of ours. 

The Guild of America is composed of many organiza- 
tions, called branches. Branches may be formed anywhere, 
and control the distribution of their own garments. 

Cities having a population of 25,000 and over must be 
organized in Sections. Anyone can organize a Ssction. 

A Section consists of a President, Secretary, at least 
three Directors, and their members, and must return annuall}-- 
not less than 110 garments. When ten Sections are formed, 
they shall be organized into a City Branch by the election of 
an Honorary President, President, Secretary, and Treasurer, 
for the entire Branch. There shall be no Vice-Presidents, as 
the Section Presidents stand in that relation. 

The President of the Branch is a member of the Central 
Bureau. 

The object of the Guild is to furnish new, plain, suitable 
garments to meet the great need of our Hospitals, Homes, 
and other Charities. 

vMen, women, ^and children may become members. 

It is non-sectarian. 

All members must contribute annually two or more new 
articles of useful clothing. 



GO CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

Any member obtaining contributions from ten or more 
persons (or the equivalent, twenty-two garments) becomes a 
Director; not less is required of each officer. 

Through the efforts of Mrs. W. A. Nelden, the ladies 
of Salt Lake City have become interested in it, and the few 
gathered in Mrs. Nelden's parlor one warm afternoon in May, 
1893, have increased to an army of five hundred' and fifty 
members, called the Salt Lake City Branch of the Needlework 
Guild of America. 

A Branch consists of ten Sections, with an Honorary 
President, President, Secretary and Treasurer. Each Section 
must have at least five Directors, one of whom shall be Presi- 
dent, and one Secretary of the Section. Each of these five 
pledges herself to obtain ten others, who shall promise to con- 
tribute two new garments a year, making twenty-two garments, 
or one hundred and ten for each Section. Each ten send in 
their garments in October to their Directory; by the Directors 
they are sent to the Presidents of the Section: and by the 
President sent to a specified place, and then distributed 
according to the vote of the Officers and Directors, to the- 
needy and destitute in Hospitals, Orphanages, Homes and 
among the poor, making in all a distribution of eleven 
hundred good, strong, new articles of clothing. The work is 
so simple, yet so far reaching in its beneficence, so easy, yet 
so great in its accomplishments, that we should each feel glad 
to be one of its workers, and make of our Branch a telling 
power for good in the city, and throughout the Territory. 

Notices have been sent to all the known charitable 
organizations in the city, which have been generally re- 
sponded to. 

In addition to these, the destitute and needy of all 
classes, to whom a new garment may bring a blessing and 
help more to uplift morally than many gifts of old clothes 
from the attic. 

Mrs. Edward B. Critchlow, Secretary. 



OGDEN CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION. 61 



OGDEN CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION. 



The Ogden Charitable Association was organized March 
2nd, 1891, and incorporated in July of the same year with 
fifty-nine members and the following officers: 

Mrs. p. H. Emerson, President. 

Mrs. J. A. Miner, First Vice-President. 

Mrs. F. J. Kiesel, Second Vice-President. 

Mrs. Joseph Meleyter, Secretary. 

Mrs. a. H. Nelson, Treasurer. 
directors: 
Mrs. Ransford Smith, Mrs. L. C. Richardson, 

Mrs. Abe Kuhn, Mrs. R. P. Hunter, 

Mrs. M. S. Preshaw, Mrs. A. J. Warner, 

Mrs. Archibald Bigelow, Mrs. J. H. Loomis, 

Mrs. J. N. Kimball, Mrs. H. W. Smith. 

advisory committee. 
Mayor Turner, Hon. D. H. Peery, 

Judge Bishop, Rev. S. Unsworth, 

City Physician Jones, E. M. x\llison, |r. 

The funds for the work of the Society are secured by an 
annual charity ball, by membership dues and donations. 
Our expenditures are limited to so much per month, accord- 
ing to our income. 

The city is divided into twelve districts, with a directress 
in charge of each, and when a family is reported as needing 
assistance, the fact is made known to the directress in whose 
district the famil}^ reside, who visits them, and if found 
worthy, she is allowed a certain amount for their relief. In 
cases of emergency, the President is authorized to relieve an 
applicant to the amount of five dollars. 

The first year of this organization the children of the 
public schools of Ogden made a donation on Thanksgiving 
Day of fruits and vegetables for the poor of the city, which 
was distributed by the officers of this Association. Each 



62 ' CHARIIIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

child gave as many apples, potatoes or other vegetables as 
they were years old. 

In September, 1891, Mrs. Cordon, of Ogden, offered to 
donate a large tract of land, just outside the city, on which 
to erect a building as a Home for the Friendless. As there 
was no prospect of necessary funds to proceed with this work, 
the project was abandoned. 

Two years ago the General Superintendent of the U. P. 
Coal Department gave the Society a car load of coal, which 
they did not feel able to repeat last year. 

Donations of half-worn garments have been received and 
distributed. We have also had gifts of flour, and one of our 
merchants sent us forty pairs of good, warm, woollen hose 
to distribute among the children of the poor. 

The sick have been provided with nurses; surgical opera- 
tions performed gratuitously by skilled physicians for those 
under our care; passes secured to convey the unfortunate to 
their friends, and it seems vain to attempt to recall the many 
avenues through which we have been able to relieve poor, 
suffering humanity. 

Bright as the record is we are not satisfied. This; plan 
affords onl}^ temporary relief. Had we the funds at our 
command to work with, we would find a more practical charity 
in establishing cooking and sewing schools for the girls, and 
manual training schools for the boys, that our young people 
may be fitted to take care of themselves. 

Still it is the best we can do under existing circum- 
stances. While it is necessary to be ever on our guard for 
impostors, we feel that the burden has been lifted from many 
a heart, and scores have had reason to bless the Ogden 
Charitable Association. 

The present officers of the Association are: 

Mrs. p. H. Emerson, President. 

Mrs. T. a. Whalen, Vice-President. 

Mrs. F. J. Kiesel, Second Vice-President. 

Mrs. J. Marks, Secretary. 

Mrs. F. J. Cannon, Treasurer. 



OGDEN CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION. t>3 



DIRECTRESSES. 



Mrs. H. W. Smith, Mrs. F. J. Kiesel, 

Mrs. Abe Kuhn, Mrs. L. M. Richards, 

Mrs. Charles Nelson, Mrs. E. J. Stevens, 

Mrs. R. Smith, Mrs. L. C. Richardson, 

Mrs. a. J. Warner, Mrs. Ad Kuhn, 

Mrs. J. N. Kimball, Mrs. P. L. Anderson. 

Mrs. p. H. Emerson, President. 



64 ■ CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY, 



CONTINUED FROM PAGE 25. 



CACHE STAKE. 

Cache County is one of the richest farming districts in 
all Utah Territory; in fact it is a great agricultural garden, 
and is very beautifully located. The mountains, hills, 
canyons and streams are delightful to the eye, and the fertile 
vales are filled with happy homes, where peace and plenty 
are the reward of industry and toil. In this county there 
are twenty-six branches, all in good order, and with prosper- 
ous conditions. The people are in the main self-supporting, 
but when one considers all the disadvantages of those who 
emigrate from other States, particularly from the South, it is 
not strange that material help is often needed. It is a famous 
wheat raising locality, and some of the very best qualities of 
wheat and grain are from this part of the country. 

The first branch of the Relief Society organized in this 
county was in Logan, in 18H8, and the union in a Stake 
capacit}^ was in 1878. 

The President is a very practical woman, and is also 
decidedly spiritual in her nature, and possessing this combina- 
tion of character is well qualified for the position. There has 
been large quantities of grain stored, and many of the mem- 
bers have been, and still are, deeply interested in this noble 
enterprise. The Temple built in Logan, the county seat, and 
dedicated in May, 1884, had received numerous contributions 
of money from the Society some quite large sums and also 
articles of value, artistic in design and showing ingenuity in 
the arrangement. Although this may not be considered 
strictly philanthropic work, yet the poor are as much bene- 
fitted by the beautiful, and their higher nature developed 
through things of beauty in works of art as many other ways. 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 65 

The poor and humble enter our Temples with the same 
privileges and freedom as those more highly favored with 
wealth, and if they have assisted in some adornment of these 
holy places their jo}' and happiness is thus increased. The 
"widow's mite" is as acceptable in the Relief Society as the 
munificent donation of the woman who rides in her carriage 
and controls her thousands or millions. 

The present board of officers is Mesdames Adeline H. 
Barber/ President; Luc}' S. Cordon and Luna Y. Thatcher, 
Counselors; B. L. Ormsby, Secretary; and Elizabeth L. 
Crowther, Corresponding Secretary; Frances Wood, Treasurer. 
The present membership is 11,911, and the annual expendi- 
tures last year were $1,366.40, wheat stored, 5,513 bushels; 
cash on hand to buy wheat, $248.00. Real estate valued at 
nearly one thousand dollars. 



RICH COUNTY. 

This county is situated in the northern part of the 
Territory, and is included in the Bear Lake Stake, which has 
its headquarters in Paris, Idaho; but as it is a part of Utah, 
it seemed proper to give it in this sketch of the Society in 
Utah. There are several branches in Utah as well as those 
in Idaho, and the means raised are about equal to the needs 
of the people assisted, though some means are kept in the 
treasury for emergencies, and the President at Randolph, 
and her aids. Secretary and Treasurer, are able women, 
eminently qualified for the responsible offices they hold of 
teaching and counseling among the women of the county. S. 
Tyson, President; Jane Peart and M. McKinnon, Counselors; 
Phoebe Larson, Secretary, all of Randolph, the count}' seat of 
Rich County, Utah Territory. 



TOOELE STAKE 

Tooele County is situated west of Salt Lake County 
and borders on the Great Salt Lake. The Lake is a 
popular summer resort, and gives considerable prestige to the 
locality. Trains running several times a day during the hot 



66 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

weather carry thousands of bathers, many of them tourists, to 
this delightful and invigorating dead sea bath. There are 
only seven branches in this Stake, but the county is small 
and not thickly settled. The members of the Society, however, 
are as energetic in the fulfillment of duties, and in looking 
after the wants of those who are in need, as in the larger 
and more flourishing places, and deserve greater praise than 
where the conditions are easier. The President, Mrs. Mary 
Ann Hunter, is a Pennsylvania woman (raised a Quaker), 
and has the sweet, gentle manner characteristic of that 
denomination. She is a good manager, and looks well after 
the temporal interests as well as the spiritual development of 
the people over whom she presides, and does not neglect the 
welfare and comfort of the widows and orphans, the sick, the 
sorrowing, the helpless and unfortunate, and is in all respects 
a wise and prudent woman, worthy of the trust imposed in 
her, and a veritable mother in Israel. 

The present officers are Mrs. Mary Ann Hunter, Presi- 
dent; Mrs. Khoda Lyman and Mrs. Emily Anderson, 
Counselors; Mrs. Mary A. House, Secretary; Mrs. Ann Tate, 
Corresponding Secretary. 



WASATCH STAKE. 

The organization of branches of the Relief Society in 
Wasatch County began as soon after settlements were made 
there, as it was possible for women engaged in colonizing in 
new localities to arrange these matters. The Stake organiza- 
tion was formed September 3, 1879, the same year that nearly 
all the Stakes entered. into this uniformity. The officers are 
Mrs. Emma Brown, President; Mrs. Sarah Alexander and 
Mrs. Mary Daybell, Counselors; Mrs. Hannah Harbour, Secre- 
tary; and Mrs. Mary McMillen, Treasurer. This Society has 
eight branches, and is in a good condition in all its depart- 
ments. The President is very efficient, and takes the utmost 
pains to visit around, and acquaint herself with all that per- 
tains to the interest of those over whom she presides, seeks 
to become familiar with the women who work in the several 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 67 

branches, and to make everything easy and pleasant for those 
who live in remote places, and have not equal opportunities 
of gaining information and keeping up with the times. The 
means accumulated in this county are not so large 
as in many others on account of there not being any railroad 
through it, and the canyons render it impracticable to travel 
at some seasons of the year. There are not so many build- 
ings, or as much grain stored as in many of the other Stakes. 
However this is not in the least owin'g to a lack of energ}'' 
on the part of the women who have charge, for they have 
manifested a zeal and enthusiasm worthy of the noble cause 
they have so ardently espoused for the good of humanity in 
its truest sense. Their labors are worthy of great commen- 
dation, more particularly so because of their peculiar 
circumstances and surroundings. It is impossible to tell 
what embarrassments women have to labor with, and what 
annoyances to contend with in these outlying counties and 
towns, far from the center of the Society, the headquarters, 
and where the visiting missionaries can only meet with them 
occasionally or at long intervals, to give the necessary 
instructions; for we ail know who labor in these great 
organizations, how little one can get from a circular letter, or 
newspaper even, but the definite teaching given by the 
individual, the association, the personal contact is the power 
that inspires the work and makes the greatest and most satis- 
factory impression. There is much done in this way in Utah 
and other places, but being done by women, who have all their 
home duties and domestic cares, to attend to, and by women 
who labor in public interests without any remuneration, it is 
not possible to do all one feels would be beneficial, but the 
seed has been and is being sown that will cause others 
to arouse themselves to the imperative needs of greater 
philanthropic work that all may partake of the knowledge 
that will guide to a better and higher and truer life here, and 
lead them to obtain and seek after the precious boon of eternal 
life hereafter, by obeying the precepts of the Savior, "Love 
thy neighbor," and doing practically the things required, 
learning the lesson thoroughly, not in word only, but in deeds 



68 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

of love, mere}', gentleness, chirit}' and long-suffering. It is 
this higher education and development women need, and to 
which they are opening the way by treading the path of 
experience that will make it easier for those who are to come 
after them. 

In Wasatch County there are about five hundred members, 
and they hold regular meetings in their respective branches, 
and they are doing wonderfully well, considering the dis- 
advantages of their surroundinss and environment. 



EMERY STAKE. 

Emery County is one of the newly settled districts, and 
the people have had a hard struggle to make it fertile, making 
ditches and building dams under great difficulties, to have 
them washed away, and to rebuild keeps the people poor, and 
though industrious, their exertions must be more than 
redoubled to secure ordinary prosperity. Women have their 
share to bear in all adverse conditions and relations of family 
life and society in the rural districts as in the more thickly 
settled places, and to exercise even more the fortitude and 
endurance possessed by the gentler sex. Banded together in an 
organized capacity, women can do so much more to help in 
all directions and pursuits. This is one of the lessons learned 
through the Relief Societ5^ Without this organization not 
half so much could have been done, because the united 
efforts of women have been joined to those of men, and all 
have pulled together for the best good of the settlement in 
which they were located. 

The Relief Society was organized in August, 1882, as soon 
as the people were settled in this new and isolated county, 
and like the other counties, the officers and members are 
diligent and faithful, looking after the wants of those who 
need assistance, teaching the principles of virtue, morality and 
righteousness; laboring, too, to store up grain against a day of 
famine. The circumstances in that county have been very 
trying, and it seems that all the hardships incidental to- 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 69 

colonization have accumulated to hinder their progress, yet 
they have energetically persevered. 

There are twelve branches with about five hundred 
members, and their annual disbursements are about $231, 
and they have a small fund always in the treasury, besides 
property, buildings and real estate. They have about three 
hundred bushels of wheat stored, which is quite remarkable 
considering it is not a wheat growing county. 

The Stake officers are— Mesdames Annie M. Larson, 
President; Josie E. Childs and Ann Pulsipher, Counselors; 
Mantie J. Shipp, Secretary. 

MILLARD STAKE. 

The several branches of the Woman's Relief Society of 
Millard County were united into a Stake organization in 1879, 
though in all the wards and settlements much good charitable 
work had already been done in assisting the widows and 
orphans, and in teaching women how to become more and 
more self-helpful and self-supporting. Great care has always 
been taken for the comfort of the aged, as well as the sick, 
and it is one of the important duties of men:ibers of the 
Society to be at the bedside of the lonely ones, when death is 
near, and robe the body carefully and appropriately, ' when all 
is over. To' tell of all, or half, or even a tithe, of the good 
deeds done even in this one county would be impossible, but 
we will note a few. Means are donated to send to other lands 
to emigrate women and children who wish to emigrate hither, 
and when they come they must have employment for them. 
Small sums are donated by members of the Society and 
industries are started under the auspices of the Association. 
There is in our county one woman's co operative store, 
managed entirely by women, and very prosperous, several 
millinery and dressmaking establishments, and there are many 
widows who own their own farms and manage them well, pay 
their own taxes too. We have in this county three women 
physicians, a number of telegraph operators, and clerks in 
stores, besides many women school teachers. We have three 



70 CHARIIIES AND I'HILANTHROPIES. 

halls, owned by the Society, for holding meetings in, and 
some granaries for wheat, and about thirteen hundred bushels 
stored against a time of need. We have ten branches of the 
Society and our annual expenditures are about $300,00. This 
of course does not include property on hand, or real estate 
and buildings. The county officers are President, Elizabeth 
Yates; Counselors, Lorinda Thompson and Martha B. Robin- 
son; Delilah K. Olsen, Secretary; and Elizabeth Henry, 
Treasurer. 

Elizabeth Yates, President. 



PAROWAN STAKE. 

This though called Parowan Stake only embraces lion 
County, and is one of the smaller counties, and not Very 
thickly settled; however, the women are as persevering as 
elsewhere, and even more so, considering the disadvantages 
under which they labor, the distance they have to travel to 
attfend meetings, and the pursuits necessary to obtain a liveli- 
hood in a locality where there is no market available for 
their products and away from railroads. 

There are only seven wards or branches in the Stake, 
and yet the sisters have dividends or capital stock in various 
institutions, that help them to do the charitable work 
prompted by their own generous impulses and to keep pace 
with their sisters in other parts of the Territory. In the 
regular meetings of the Society the teachings are of a moral 
and religious nature; much is said of hygiene, the training of 
our children and economy in the home life; we read and 
study theological works as well as historical and miscella- 
nous; we make quilts, carpets, and various articles of clothing 
for those who are in need. We have in our locality co-opera- 
tive cheesemaking on a very simple plan, which has been 
very successful. 

Our meetings are well attended, and we feel the Lord 
blesses our efforts, and we have many times proven the truth 
of the promise that where two or three are gathered together 
in His name He would be there to own and bless them. We 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN's RELIEF SOCIETY. 71 

seek to be one with the sisters of our great organization, and 
to work in harmony with them in all directions, to respond to 
every call and to labor for the cause of humanity. Our 
officers are President, Mary Ann Lunt; Sage T. Jones and 
Annie C. Ward, Counselors; Sarah W. Chatterly, Secretary; 
and Jane P. Mackleprang, Corresponding Secretary. 

Mary Ann Lunt, President. 



BEAVER STAKE. 

Beaver County was organized in a Stake capacity in 
September, 1878. It consists of four branches only, which 
were in good working order previous to uniting them together 
in this way. Beaver, though a small county, has been one of 
the foremost in its work, and it is only just to say that the 
women of that locality have been brave, industrious, and 
always on hand to co-operate in any measure for woman's 
advancement and uplifting. There are a large number of very 
bright and able women living there, and one ought not to 
forget in this connection the Welsh sisters in that county, 
who are naturally eloquent and sympathetic, as also good 
singers, which is alway,s an acquisition to any Society or work. 
Though the members in this Stake are few, the noble deeds of 
charit}^ and love are numerous, and they are never behind in 
donations to any good cause. For years they have been 
noted for their liberality, and the influence they wield in every 
good cause is beneficial to society in every department of 
life. 

In home industries the members of the Society are help- 
ful and various branches of fine needlework are taught, and 
many other helpful kinds of work. The Society owns stock in 
the Co-operative Mercantile Store, and is interested in many 
public enterprises. They have some investments that are 
profitable, and own real estate to the value of ^3,890.00, also 
have on hand one thousand one hundred and twent3'-four 
bushels of wheat. 

The presiding officers of the Stake are. President, Lucinda 
Houd; Sarah M. Dell, Lydia White, Counselors; Louisa 
Jones, Secretary. 



IZ CHARII lES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

Ruth W. Tyler, President of the Relief Society of Beaver 
City, should not be forgotten in mentioning able workers in 
the organization. She has been one of the strong pillars in the 
movement for woman's uplifting from the very first inception 
of the Relief Society, now more than fifty years ago. She has 
labored long and arduously with many of the early champions 
of woman's cause who are now sleeping in the silent tomb. 



ST. GEORGE STAKE. 

The branches of the Relief Society of Washington County 
were fully and completely organized under one S3stem, in the 
year 1878. However, even ten years prior to that time there 
were many local organizations which did good work; but since 
the complete organization the work has been of a very telling 
character. The county organization at present consists of 
twenty-two wards. Each ward has its own Society complete 
in organization and equally systematic in work. 

The total enrollment in the county organization is one 
hundred officers, and about eight hundred members. Many of 
the wards, perhaps one half, own their meeting houses. The 
houses consist mostly of one room, neatly fitted up for meet- 
ings. The house owned by the St. George Association is a 
very creditable building, composed of a hall and stage, in 
which one hundred and fifty people may be accommodated. It 
is furnished with nice chairs and seats, the stage and aisles 
carpeted; and it also contains a very good library and organ 
for the use of the Relief and other similar Societies. Every 
month the people of the ward are visited by the Relief Society 
teachers; those who do not need comforting advice, nor the 
comforts of life, have the privilege of adding their mite to 
those who lack these blessings, and the teachers are the opera- 
tors between the two. The officers of the county organization 
are Mesdames Anna L. Ivms, President; Ann C. Woodberry, 
First, and Hannah Miles, Second Counselors; Hannah C. 
Bentley, Secretary and M. A. Woodward, Treasurer. The 
report of the County Treasurer for the year ending March 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 73 

31st, 1893, is as follows: Cash in treasury, $825.50; property 
1737.97; real estate, $157(i.OO; bushels of wheat, 399. 

The Associations are all in a healthy and prosperous 
condition, and all connected therewith feel determined to go 
on m the good work. 

M. JuDL), Com. 



PANGUITCH STAKE. 

The Relief Society of Panguitch Stake includes Garfield 
County and a part of Piute County in that localit}'. It is not 
thickly settled, and is one of the counties remote from rail- 
roads, and has a long stretch of desert land still barren and 
uncultivated; but the redeeming of the desert to make it 
fruitful is a part of the faith of our people, and the Latter- 
day Saints have accomplished much in this direction, 
though even in Utah there still remains untilled soil to 
work upon. Like other counties previously mentioned, 
Garfield had branches of the Relief Society here and there 
wherever wards were organized, and in June, 1878, these 
branches were united in a Stake and the following officers 
appointed who are still in active service:— Barbara Myers, 
President; Alvira S. Clark and Sarah P. Crosby, Counselors; 
Hannah A. Crosby, Secretar}^ The number of branches are 
seven, and the membership is between three and four 
hundred. The annual expend i aires are estimated to be about 
four hundred and thirty dollars. 

Considering the distance from headquarters, and the few 
opportunities afforded the officers of Panguitch Stake to 
attend th^ annual and semi-annual conferences held in Salt 
Lake City, this organization has been remarkably well-con- 
ducted. The presiding sisters have to travel an immense 
distance in teams to visit the few branches that have been 
organized in the eastern part of the county, }et strange to sa}- 
these local branches are always in good working order when 
visited, so complete is the organization and so general the 
application of the instruction given. 

There are alwa3^s a few leading spirits in almost every 



74 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

town and village or ward who are capable of appreciating the 
necessity of organized work, and willing to make extra efforts 
to help others along. However, this may be, the fact 
remains, that there is good material in every ward in Utah to 
carry on charitable and philanthropic work in a manner 
suited to those among whom and with whom it is their lot to 
live and labor. 

In this Stake the sisters, though seldom visited by the 
general officers of the Society, seem perfectly competent to 
keep up with other Stakes in the active discharge of all the 
relative duties that pertain to this benevolent institution. 



WAYNE STAKE. 

Wayne Stake embraces Wayne County, and has only very 
recently been organized; therefore little can be said of it, 
except that as the branches of which it is comprised have 
been included previously in other Stakes, and the officers have 
been accustomed to active and regular duty in local organiza- 
tions, it is safe to conclude that, this County will soon have a 
record which will compare favorably with chat of the others. 

Wayne Stake was organized May 27th, 1893. The presi- 
ding officers are Mrs. Jane S. Coleman, President; Mrs. 
Mary Ellen Hanks and Mrs. Sarah S. Forsyth, Counselors; 
Mrs. Florence M. Williams, Secretary. After the organiza- 
tion was effected, the President and her Counselors made a 
tour through the count}^, and held meetings with the society 
of each ward. It is needless to say the visit was greatly 
appreciated. Since then one conference has been held, at 
which time a deep interest was manifest in this important 
labor of charity and love. These organizations are of the 
greatest benefit to those living in rural districts where united 
effort seems even more essential. 



KANAB STAKE. 
This Relief Society comprises Kane County, though it is 
named Kanab after the county seat, the most important town 
n the county. It was orga-iized September fith, 1878, and is 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCIETY. 75 

in a flourishing condition considering its remoteness from 
railroads and the many disadvantages of the locality. 

The presiding officers are Mrs. Harriet D. Bunting, 
President; Mrs. Artemisia S. Seegmiller and Mrs. Hannah E. 
Hoyt, Counselors; Mrs. M. A. Riggs, Secretary. This or- 
ganization has the same objects in view as those already 
mentioned — the comfort and care of the sick, the relief of the 
needy, aiding all home industries that give employment to 
those who would otherwise require constant assistance, and 
building houses for the use of the Society or of its enterprises. 
In this section of country more primitive work is done than 
where money is more plentiful, such as carpet making, weav- 
ing on hand looms, carding, spinning, and knitting by hand. 

The Kanab County people are, however, not behind in 
literary pursuits. The}' have a monthly manuscript journal of 
original contributions, and monthly lectures on various sub- 
jects are given by some one of the members. They also have 
library readings. This Society has capital stock invested in 
mercantile institutions, and own sheep, as this county is a 
sheep raising and wool-growing county. The Relief Society 
in its several stakes and branches has been advised to have 
some source of income beside soliciting donations from the 
members. The annual expenditures are estimated at some- 
thing over eight hundred dollars, including cash, clothing, 
provisions and sundries, although some years it might exceed 
and other fall short in the disbursements. 

Harrilt D. Bunting, President. 
M. A. Riggs, Secretary. 



SAN JUAN STAKE. 

The San Juan County Relief Society, known as San 
Juan Stake, was organized June 21st, 1885. The first Presi- 
dent was Mrs. Jane M. Walton, since deceased, and the 
county was afterwards re-organized with Mrs. Martha T. 
Hammond, President; Mrs. Mary N. Jones and Mrs. Eliza 
Redd, Counselors; Miss Emma Bayles, Secretary; and Mrs 
Marv Sorenson, Treasurer. 



7() CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

This Stake not only includes San Juan Count3^ but a part 
of Grand County, Utah, and extends into Colorado and New 
Mexico. It is very sparsely settled, and though the county 
is very interesting in character, it is very difficult to get a 
living there, and those who have redeemed that land and 
made homes, women as well as men, have had much to en- 
dure. In many places the roads have been blasted and cut 
through solid rock. In the vicinity of Bluff City, the county 
seat, many curiosities are found, such as broken pieces of 
ancient pottery, etc., and there are remains of Cliff Builders' 
dwellings. There is also an extraordinary formation of rock 
called from its peculiar form "Corduroy Hill." Another 
magnificent structure of stone, which is in the midst of a vast 
plain resembling a large castle, is called "Cathedral Rock." 
This stands one thousand feet high, and is a ver}' striking 
picture. It does not seem inappropriate in this connection 
to state that even in this comparatively desolate country sin- 
gle women (widows) own their own homes and manage their 
own affairs, and it is a fact that many of the most active and 
generous members of the Relief Society are women who pro- 
vide for themselves. 

There are very few poor people who need assistance, 
because nearly all are frugal and industrious, working people; 
but the sick are ministered to and comforted by the members 
of the Society, and much is being done for the improvement 
and advancement of the members, that they may keep pace 
with the other organizations. Some means have been invested 
in reliable institutions, and some grain stored against a time 
of need. 

Martha T. Hammond, President. 

UINTAH STAKE. 

Uintah County is one of the last settled, and has even at 
the present time but few towns, and consequently the Relief 
Society is of more recent uate, having only been organized 
in a Stake capacity in March, 1889. However, the several 
branches in the county were among the first to be associated 



THE NATIONAL WOMAN S RELIEF SOCIETY. ( i 

in the incorporation under the name of National Woman's 
Relief Societ}'. The President is Mrs. Sarah Pope, and Mrs. 
A. K. Bartlett and Elizabeth B. Mitchell are her Counselors, 
with Addie Longhurst Secretary. The principal town in 
Uintah is Ashley, and is the headquarters of the Society, 
which comprises six or seven branches. The conferences are 
held regularly, and all business conducted systematically, 
although this county has never yet been visited by the pre- 
siding officers from Salt Lake City; the journey is so hard 
and the distance between settlements is so long that it is 
really quite an undertaking, though about twice in a 3'ear one 
or other of these indefatigable laborers in the society at home 
comes to Salt Lake City and attends the General Conference of 
the Relief Society. Certainly their labors are arduous, and 
no doubt these noble women deserve more honorable mention 
than many who have accomplished much more, because of 
the great disadvantages of their circumstances and surround- 
ings in an Indian country. 



In conclusion it becomes necessary to ofler some ex- 
planations to the foregoing, and to make a sort of summary 
of the whole, having gone over so much in detail pertaining 
to this Society. The first intention was only to give the work 
of Charities and Philanthropies in Salt Lake County, and this 
had been prepared by competent committees from the several 
organized Societies. 

Finding, however, that no complete record of Territorial 
work could be made and do it justice in the time allotted, 
the writer, with the consent of the Chairman of the Terri- 
torial Committee (herself a member of said committee), 
decided to include such facts as she had at hand in this 
report, in a kind of desultory way, that those who read the 
book may form some idea of the immense work of this chari- 
table association. 

Though Utah Territory is the central place, and Salt 
Lake City the headquarters of the Society, its stakes and 
branches extend into other states and territories, and many 



tb CHARlrlES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

countries, embracing several nationalities. But it is not our 
purpose to enlarge upon this subject here, onl}' to give a 
few facts as to the scope of the organization. To tell what 
has actually been accomplished would be utterly impossible, 
because in many instances formerly, records were imperfectl}^ 
kept, and the idea of ever estimating charity in dollars and 
cents was obnoxious to those who had believed the right 
hand should not know what the left hand doeth, or giveth, etc. 
Again, much of the labor performed is of that spiritual nature 
and character that cannot be measured by any known rule, 
but these women follow the example of the Savior, who went 
about doing good, and are seeking to obey the teachings He 
gave, "Love th}' neighbor as thyself," and "Do to others as 
ye would they should do unto vou. " 

On the 17th of March, 1892, the Society celebrated its 
jubilee.- Meetings were held on that day at the same hour 
in all lands where branches had been organized, and a prayer 
was offered at high noon in each meeting, forming a circle of 
prayer around the world, reaching even to the South Sea 
Islands. In Salt Lake City there was a large gathering in 
the Tabernacle, President Zina D. H. Young presiding, 
where suitable exercises were given, speeches made, and 
prayer offered at mid-day; the several branches holding 
separate meetings in the respective wards in the afternoon, 
so that all could participate therein, and a report made and 
brief histor}' given from the organization of each Society. 
All these jubilee reports have been collected, and will be 
published at some future time in book form, which will be a 
more complete record of the Society than has ever yet been 
given. 

It may be well to add here that the approximate amount 
expended in charitable work during the years 1888-89-90-91 in 
Utah, Idaho, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, the Sandwich 
Islands. London and Canada was $70,892.04. This report did 
not include Mexico, Scandinavia, Germany and Switzerland, 
nor Great Britain, except London alone; nor other smaller 
branches in different parts of the world, nor does it include 
co-operative work in various lines of industries and enter- 



IHE NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF SOCTETV. 79 

prises, managed and ■controlled by women in the interest of 
the Society. 

The saving of grain is a branch of charitable work which is 
not herein reported, as the grain is not disbursed, but is kept 
against a time of great need, want, or famine. President 
Zina D. H. Young, and her Vice-Presidents, Jane S. Richards> 
and Bathsheba W. Smith, as also others associated with 
them are indefatigable in their labors, and the officers of the 
several stake and branch organizations work in harmony with 
them to aid the need}', instruct those who are in need of 
enlightenment, to substitute everywhere good for evil and 
truth for error, and to uplift humanity by both spiritual and 
practical methods of love, kindness and true charity. Such 
is the labor undertaken by these Christian women called 
Latter-day Saints, who are more v/idely known as "Mormon" 
women. 



FINALE 



Looking over what has been written here, although 
considerable ground has been covered, one cannot help 
feeling how much more might be added that would be 
interesting and perhaps advantageous to those who have 
had less experience, but the half is not and cannot be told of 
the important work of this organization; it has done so much 
for suffering humanity, so much uplifting of the unfortunate, 
as well as the needy, and been so helpful and beneficial in 
man}' ways, temporally, morally and spiritually. Although 
great good has been accomplished in the past, yet with the 
steady progress women are making in various directions at 
the present time, much greater things are expected in the near 
future. 

Many more buildings will be erected adequate to the 
growing needs of the Society, industries and enterprises 
engaged in to open up avenues of employment for the many 
instead of the few, and to promote habits of thrift, and the 



80 



CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROI^IES. 



means of self help. There will be more halls to meet in, and 
greater advancement made by individual members of the 
Society. Alread}/ much has been done in the cultivation of 
extemporaneous speaking, presiding at meetings, praying in 
public; and women who were once afraid of their own voices, 
are able to interest large congregations; educationally it has 
given opportunity of mutual help to women through inter- 
change of ideas, lectures, and association, to grow in knowl- 
edge and understanding of higher things, and if one may be 
allowed the expression this society is a high school of theo- 
logical instruction, where all may have equal advantages of 
being taught, and cultivating the spiritual nature. 



YOUNG LADIES' MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT 
ASSOCIATION. 



Committee. 



We respectfully submit the following report of the Young 
Ladies' Mutual Improvement Association of Salt Lake County: 

Della W. Eardlen', 

Mary E. Irvine, 

Annie M. Cannon, 

Edith Sampson, 

Rose Wallace, 

Hester Cannon, 

Lizzie SMirH Cartwright, 
The organization known as the Young Ladies' Mutual 
Improvement Association first came into existence in the 
winter of 1869, when Brigham Young, President of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly 
known as the "Mormon Church," felt impressed to organize 
the young lad}' members of his own family into a society for 
the promotion of habits of order, thrift, industry and charity. 
Mrs. Ella Young Empey was chosen President of the 
new Society, which was named the Young Ladies' Retrench- 
ment Association. 



YOUNG ladies' MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT ASSOCLATION. 81 

From this nucleus graduall}' sprang up similar societies 
in all parts of the city and Territory. In the course of time 
these Associations were re-named Young Ladies Mutual Im- 
provement Associations and were organized into Stake 
Associations. To the Associations of the Salt Lake Stake or 
County, this article is devoted, though other counties are thus 
organized and form together a complete whole. 

There are in Salt Lake County thirty-nine regularly 
organized Associations, with an enrollment of 1721 members. 
The officers of each Society consist of a President, two Coun- 
selors, a Secretar}', an Assistant Secretary and a Treasurer. 
Each Association is supposed to hold a weekly meeting, at 
which a prepared program is rendered. Such programs con- 
sist of lectures on hygiene, physical culture, history, and 
biography, also recitations, essays, music, letters of correspond- 
ence, etc., much encouragement being given to impromptu 
speaking, and in fact to all subjects leading to the promotion 
or advancement of woman intellectually, morally and physic- 
ally as well as spiritually. 

The Stake organization consists of a President, two 
Counselors, Six Aids to the Presidency, a Secretary and 
Assistant, a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording Secretary, 
and a Treasurer. 

The Stake or County organization works for the advance- 
ment of every Association in the County, and under its super- 
vision new Associations are from time to time being organized 
as the cause advances. Monthly meetings of all officers are 
held under the direction of the Stake President, and at these 
meetings there is a free exchange of ideas as to the best 
methods of interesting young ladies in this improvement work. 

Every three months a conference is held in Salt Lake 
City, in which the various organizations take part. Reports 
are there given of the progress made, and the Stake officers 
are thus enabled to know the requirements of each Association, 

While we may say that the chief object of this work is 
signified by its name, "Mutual Improvement," yet much 
charitable work is done, though it is impossible to give a 
detailed account of ail expenditures for chanty. This much 



82 . CHARITIES AXI) I'H 1 I . A N TH R( )1'IKS. 

we can say that during the year ending August 1st, 1892, 
there was disbursed for charitable purposes, the sum of 
$1,146.05. The greater portion of this was given to aid 
women and children. 

All funds are raised by voluntary donation, and by means 
of entertainments. 

The present officers of the Young Ladies' Mutual Im- 
provement Associations for Salt Lake Countv are as follows: 

Mrs. Mary A. Freeze, President; Mrs. Mary P. Young, 
First Counselor; Mrs. Nellie Colebrook Taylor, Second 
Counselor; Dr. Maggie C. Shipp, Mrs. Maria Holt, Mrs. 
Clara S. Carlyle, Miss Edith Sampson, Mrs. Jane Freeze. 
Mrs. Mary E. Irvine, Aids to the Presidency; Mrs. Lizzie 
Smith Carlwright, Secretary; Mrs. Minnie H. James, Assist- 
ant Secretary; Miss Ella Dallas, Corresponding Secretary; 
Mrs. Lizzie Greene Fowler, Recording Secretary; Miss Vickie 
Clayton, Treasurer. 



PRIMARY ASSOCIATIONS OF SALT LAKE 
COUNTY. 

In giving a brief history of the Salt Lake County Primary 
Association of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, it will be necessar}' to give an account of the origin 
of these valuable Associations. Mrs. Aurelia S. Rogers, of 
Farmington, Davis County, has the honor of being the 
originator of the Primary Associations of Utah. Her active 
mind could see the necessity of an organization for the de- 
velopment of the minds of the young, to better qualify them 
for their future career in society, at home and abroad, and 
for useful citizens of the world. She acted upon the thought, 
and suggested it to Eliza R. Snow, who presented it to 
President John Taylor. Seeing the benefits which could be 
derived from such organizations, he heartily endorsed the 



TRIMARV ASSOCIAIIONS OF SALT l>AKE COUN'IV. 8B 

thought, and advised a speedy organization of the Primary 
Associations throughout Utah. On the 11th of August, 1878, 
the first organization was effected at Farmington, Davis 
County, Utah. It was thus that the great work of the Primary 
Associations began. The first Association in Salt I^ake 
County, was organized in the Eleventh Ward of Salt Lake 
City, Nov. 10th, 1878, with Mis. Louie B. Felt as Presi- 
dent. Organizations were effected in the various wards of 
the county, and it was finally advised that it would better 
facilitate the objects to be accomplished to have a Stake or 
County organization, this being accomplished in June, 1879. 
Mrs. Ellen C. Clawson was selected as President, with Mrs. 
Elizabeth Watson and Mrs. Camilla C. Cobb as Counselors; 
Mrs. Vilate Young, Secretary. Since that time rapid pro- 
gress has been made in the advancement of these Associa- 
tions throughout Salt Lake County. The officers consist 
entirely of ladies of superior intellect, those chosen, if pos- 
sible, who have had e.xperience in teaching the young. The 
Primary work has been a vast benefit to the young of both 
sexes in many ways. They have been taught the principles 
of the gospel of Jesus Christ m a simple and satisfactory 
manner. Those who have attended these Associations have 
been instructed spiritually, morally, intellectuall}^, and 
physically, also socialh', and in industrial developments. 
The children have put into practice that which has been taught 
them, and gathered their little sums of money from the pro- 
ceeds of fairs, which are held once in two years, and by con- 
tributing from five to ten cents each, to present to those who 
are in need. Many an agreeable surprise has been made to 
the needy on Christmas and at other times, by the children 
presenting them with sums of money, quilts, and articles of 
various kinds which have been made b}/ the children assisted 
by the officers. 

In visiting these Associations, one is at once struck with 
the intelligent faces of the little ones, eagerl}' waiting for 
something new to be be taught them. To hear the little 
boys and girls open and dismiss their services with an 
original prayer, asking their Heavenly Father to look in mercy 



84 CHARITIES AND PHILANTHROHIES. 

on the afflicted and the destitute, with such supreme 
innocence and trust, brings forcibly to the mind the words of 
our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, "Suffer little children to 
come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the king- 
dom of Heaven. " The Primary Associations of Salt Lake 
County have continued to prosper, since their organization up 
to the pres'ent time, in a satisfactory manner to both parents 
and children. The County officers at present are Mrs. Ellen 
C. Clawson, President; Mrs. Camilla Cobb and Mrs Lydia 
Ann Wells, Counselors. 

The following statistics will give some idea of the work 
accomplished : 

Number of organizations in countv 43 

Number of officers in county 150 

Number of enrolled members (malesj 1214 

(females) 1951 

An average attendance 1466 

An average of cash received yearly $246.45 

An average of property received yearly 129.10 



Total ^375.55 

Contributed to Temples in Salt Lake City and other 

parts of the Territory $552.70 

Orphans' Home 50.00 

For emigrating poor children 137.25 

Deseret Hospital 35.00 

Small charities 36.65 



Total $811.60 

Ida Whipple, County Secretary. 



WOMEN PHYSICIANS OF UTAH. 85 



WOMEN PHYSICIANS OF UTAH. 

Healing is woman's prerogative. If all girls could receive 
as part of their education a thorough course in medicine and 
surgery, time, expense and suffering would be saved to every 
household. Woman would then begin to regain the health 
that has been squandered through ignorance and foil}', and 
raise her to the standard befitting her position as mother of 
the race. 

Let all women understand medicine and surgery, and the 
long vexed question of quackery will be solved. None but 
eminent specialists could practice, whose hands and exes 
would be kept skilled for intricate operations. No amount 
of sophistry, personal magnetism or fine address could deceive 
the surgeon-mother. Among the skilled, she would know 
who were the most skillful, and onl}' in their practiced hands 
would she permit the knife to descend to a loved one. These 
eminent specialists should not be exclusive of either sex. No 
profession should debar any individual that has inclination 
and capacity for it. In this women should rank equal with 
men. The cause that has heretofore kept her from the free 
use of the knife is the condition that highl}/ fits her for it, 
viz. , coiiscie}itioiisiiess. 

In addition to the ostentatious and insinuating quackery 
of self-styled "specialists," Indian, Chinese and Arabian 
fakes, charms, freshly-killed chicken poultices, dog-hair pro- 
tectives, and witchery barbarities, would disappear before 
enlightened motherhood. No need then of legislative enact- 
ments to restrain irregularities in practice. On the principle 
of the survival of the fittest and extinction of the unfit they 
would go to the wall. 

"It is in the ordering of a wise Providence that women 
should have physicians of their own sex." It is humiliating 
to see men whose brains should be used for other work run- 
ning hither and thither prescribing for infantile colic and scores 
of maladies that should be the natural prerogative of mothers. 



86 CHARIIIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

These, when properly trained, best understand the constitu- 
tion, temperament and idiosyncracies of their offspring. 

Since all women at this epoch cannot study 'medicine and 
surgery, let as many as fortune favors grasp the opportunity 
to become, physical and psychological saviors of their sex. 

That Utah is doing her share in this physical redemption 
of women is shown by the following galaxy of lady physicians 
and surgeons within her borders. 

ROMANIA B. PRATT M. ]). , 

was borne in Washington, Wayne County, Indiana, August 
8th, 1839. She matriculated in the Woman's Medical College, 
Philadelphia, October, 1875, and graduated in the class of 
1877, the first woman graduate in medicine from Utah. In 
May, 187G, during college vacation, she went as a student to 
the New England Hospital for Women and Children. On 
her way home to Salt Lake City visited a number of water 
cures, notably the Elmira and Clifton Springs. After two 
years' active practice in Salt Lake City, went to New York 
City and took a post-graduate course of eight months in the 
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, under Prof. H. D. Noyes. 
In June, 1887, was appointed Resident Physician of the 
Deseret Hospital, in addition to private practice, where she 
has remained to date. Her eye and ear work has been quite 
extensive, including nearly every phase of disease peculiar to 
these organs. Out of over two hundred and fifty operations 
on the eye, fifteen were for cataract, some of which when fitted 
with glasses were able to read. 

El. LIS R. SHIPP M. D., 

Born January 20, 1847, in Davis County, Iowa. Removed 
to Utah with her parents when four years of age. In 1875 
entered the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, 
graduating from this institution in 1878, the second lady 
graduate from Utah. Returning to Salt Lake City, she made 
the practice of obstetrics and gynaecology specialties. Travel- 
ed extensively through the cities and towns of Utah and Idaho 
giving public lectures on the laws of life and health, deliver- 



WOiMKN PHYSICIANS OF UTAH. 87 

ing over one thousand lectures during the first five years of 
her work. During the winter of 1887-8 took post-graduate 
work in New York and Philadelphia, remaining three months 
in each city. Returning to Salt Lake City, she opened a 
"School of Obstetrics and Nursing." One hundred of her 
pupils passed successful examinations under a competent 
board of examining physicians. During fourteen years' prac- 
tice has attended one thousand five hundred and forty-three 
obstetrical and two thousand three hundred and fifty gynaeco- 
logical cases. Is spending the winter and spring of 1893 at 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, enjoying the intellectual atmosphere of 
that western Athens. 

MARGARET CURTIS SHIPP, JNI. D. 

Educated in Utah. Commenced teaching school at the age 
of fifteen years. Graduated from the Woman's Medical Col- 
lege of Philadelphia in 1883. In addition to her constantly in- 
creasing practice she taught classes in obstetrics and nursing 
for six years, meeting the demand for this class of work in the 
remote towns of Utah and surrounding territories. Traveled 
extensively delivering public lectures. Now confines herself 
almost exclusively to her greatly increased obstetrical work, of 
which she has the largest practice of any lad} physician in 
Utah, and bids fair to become the Madame Lachapelle of west- 
ern America. 

MRS. ELLEN B. FERGUSON. 

Born in Cambridge, England. Received a classical education 
under university tutors. Studied medicine first under Dr. J. 
Taylor, of Cambridge; subsequently under Dr. W. Ferguson, 
of Edinburgh. Came to America in 1859. Matriculated at 
the U. S. College, New York. Attended full course at the Ec- 
lectic Medical College of Cincinnati. Practiced medicine for 
eight 3'ears in Indiana and Illinois. Came to Utah in 1876, 
and has practiced medicine continuously in Salt Lake City for 
seventeen years. In 1882, associated with other ladies of Salt 
Lake City, organized and founded the Deseret Hospital. Served 
three months as Resident Ph\'sician and Surgeon in this Hos- 
pital. Has performed operations for lacerated perineum, 



»» CHARIIIES AND PHILANTHROPIES. 

lacerated cervix, ovariotomy, and operations on the eye and 
throat. Contributed several articles on Materia Medica and 
Therapeutics to various medical journals. 

DR. ELVIRA STEVENS BARNEY. 

Born in New York State, March 17, 1832. Principally self- 
educated. Taught school for many years, acquiring indepen- 
dent finance through her own exertions, studied medicine and 
surgery from philanthropic motives, desiring to become a 
teacher of her sex. Spent five years in constant study in lead- 
ing medical colleges, acquiring a thorough knowledge of her 
profession. Has practiced ten years and delivered many public 
lectures. 

iMRS. ISELLE GEMMELL, liee ANDERSON. 

Born in Salt Lake City in 1863. Received a classical educa. 
tion under the tuition of her father, and in the schools of Salt 
Lake City. Matriculated in the University of Michigan in Oc- 
tober, 1881. Was graduated from that institution in medicine 
and surgery in 1884. Practiced her profession in Salt Lake 
City until 1888. Performed many important surgical operations 
for ovariotomy and various affections of the eye. Now re- 
sides in Pendleton. Oregon. 

MRS. JUSriNA MCINTVRE, iUC ANDERSON. 

Born in Salt Lake City in 1866. Took a classical and col- 
legiate course in Salt Lake City. Entered Wellesley College, 
Mass., in 1883. Matriculated at the University of Michigan in 
1884. Was graduated from that institution in surgery and 
medicine in 1887. Practiced her profession several years in 
Utah. Resided one year on the continent of Europe, princi- 
pally in Berlin. At present is a resident of Olean, New York. 

EMMA B. ADKINS, M. D. , 

Daughter of George and Sarah M. Adkins. Born in Tooele 
City, Utah, December 3rd, 1859. During the year 1878 she 
attended the University of Deseret in Salt Lake City, and 
then engaged in the study of medicine under private tutors 
until 1880. She then matriculated at the Woman's Medical 



WOMEN PHYSICIANS OK UTAH. (SI) 

College of Philadelphia, graduating from that institution with 
honors in I880. On her return to Utah she practiced in Tooele 
and Juab Counties, her work extending over a wide area of 
country. Skillful and brilliant success followed her to the time 
of her death, which occurred in Nephi, Juab County, Utah, 
February 24, 1889. 

MARY EMMA YANSCHOONHOYEN, )iee (;REK,N. 

Familiarly known as "Dr. Van." Born in Batavia, New 
York, January 8, 1848. Came to Utah in 1849. Removed to 
California in 1851. Received a common school education in 
the seminaries of Sacramento, California. Returning to Utah, 
began the study of medicine in 1877 under Drs. R. B. Pratt 
and S. B. Young. Practiced until 1889, when she matriculted 
in the Michigan University on her forty-sixth birthda\'. Grad- 
uated from the Homoepathic Department of that institution in 
1891. Her practice in Salt Lake City is very large, mostly 
among women and children. 

MRS. H. c. Norton m. n., 

Received her early education in a convent. Studied medi- 
cine under the tuition of her husband, who was a physician- 
Later visited Europe, and practiced in the hospitals at St. 
Petersburg. Returning to America, attended the Eclectic 
Medical School of Cincinnati, one of the few places at that 
time where women were permitted to take a degree. Practiced 
for a time in Louisville. In 18G4 went to New York City and 
built up a large practice. During this period occupied a pro- 
fessor's chair in the Twent3'-sixth Street Medical School. 

Came to Utah in 1880. Practiced extensively in Southern 
Utah. Now resides at St. George, Utah. 

ELLEN CTRI'IS OACE. 

Born at Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Vassar undergraduate. 
Graduated from Woman's Hospital Medical College of Chicago 
in 188(i. Practiced medicine in Chicago. Came to Utah and 
opened an office in Salt Lake Cit\- in 1 88S. 



CHARITIKS AM) I'H I l,AN I'H Kol'l IlS. 



MRS. MARY GKF.HN, nee MINOR. 



Born in Livingstone County, Mo., in 1857. was educated at 
Chillicothe, Mo. Matriculated in the Kansas Cit}' Homuepath- 
ic Medical College in 1888. Was graduated from that institu- 
tion in medicine and surgery in 1890, being chosen valedictor- 
ian of the class. Practiced in Kansas City until October, 1800, 
when hse entered the Kansas City Homcepathic Hospital as 
House Physician and Surgeon, which position she held for 
over a j'^ear. Again entered general practice, and is now locat- 
ed in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

MAklHA HIGHKS CANNON. 

Born in Llandidno, North Wales, 1857. Came to America 
in 185!l. Arrived in Utah with her parents in 18()1. Studied Sci- 
ence in the Deseret University in Salt Lake City, and Litera- 
ture in the National School of Elocution and Oratory, Phila- 
delphia, graduating from each of the above institutions. Ma- 
triculated at the Michigan Universityin 1878, and was gradu- 
ated from this institution in medicine and surgery in 1880. 
Attended the two years' "Bachelor of Science" Course in the 
Auxiliarx' Department to Medicine in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, Philadelphia, and was graduated from this institution 
in 1882. Took the evening course of lectures in the Philadel- 
phia College of Pharmacy, and passed the junior examination 
for 1881-2. Was Resident Physician of Deseret Hospital, 
Utah, from fall of 1882 to spring of 1885, with private practice 
In summer of 1885 visited the leading United States Hospitals, 
examining the s\'stem of Training Schools for Nurses. Spent 
188(i and eight months of 1887 in Europe. Walked the leading 
London Hospitals, viz.. Saint Thomas' and Saint Bartholo- 
mews'. Now engaged in general practice in Salt Lake City, 
Utah. 

The lady physicians of Utah have done a large amount 
of charitable work among the the sick, which is included in 
the general synopsis of the labors of each physicians as 
given above. 

Martha Huc;hes Cannon, B. S. M. D.